Asperger (1906–1980) and Kanner (1894–1981), the two pioneers of autism

@article{Lyons2007AspergerA,
  title={Asperger (1906–1980) and Kanner (1894–1981), the two pioneers of autism},
  author={V. Everett Lyons and Michael Fitzgerald},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2007},
  volume={37},
  pages={2022-2023}
}
More than 60 years ago, two very similar descriptions of children displaying severe social deficits and unusual behaviours were published, one in English, one in German, both using the term ‘autistic’. Leo Kanner (1943) in Baltimore, USA, described 11 children with ‘early infantile autism’ in his seminal paper ‘Autistic disturbances of affective contact’. In the same year, October 1943, Hans Asperger, in Vienna, Austria, submitted his thesis on ‘Autistic psychopathy in childhood’, which was… 

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