Aspectual clusters of Russian verbs

  title={Aspectual clusters of Russian verbs},
  author={Laura Alexis Janda},
  journal={Studies in Language},
  • L. Janda
  • Published 2007
  • Philosophy
  • Studies in Language
The traditional “pair” model of Russian aspect fails to distinguish among Perfectives and ignores the fact that most verbs exist in larger clusters of three or more aspectually related forms. I propose semantic parameters that account for the interaction of aspect and actionality and use them to construct a semantic map of Russian aspectual relationships. I show, using a multiply stratified sample of 283 verb clusters (including over 2000 verbs), that the composition of clusters conforms to a… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Aspectual Clusters of Russian Sound Verbs
This article explores whether the aspectual cluster model proposed by Janda (2007, 2008) can reflect the differences in the lexical semantics of Russian verbs denoting sound. A corpus of fifty soundExpand
Semantic Motivations for Aspectual Clusters of Russian Verbs
Lexical meaning and aspect do not function independently in Russian. The meanings of verbs motivate their aspectual behavior because different types of events and their relationship to time areExpand
The Formation of Aspectual Pairs of Borrowed ova-verbs in Russian
ABSTRACT When a verb is borrowed into Russian, it must adapt to the Russian aspectual system. The borrowed verb takes on the functions of one of the two aspects and often (but not always) forms aExpand
Aspectual triplets in Russian: semantic predictability and regularity
A systemic account of this phenomenon based on a corpus study of a comprehensive list of Russian aspectual triplets is presented and a unified semantics for the secondary imperfectives is proposed, namely, a telic process. Expand
Russian verbs of motion and their aspectual partners in Fluid Construction Grammar
The present work demonstrates how Russian motion verbs and their aspectual partners can be implemented and processed successfully with Fluid Constructional Grammar, and highlights the flexibility and power of this formalism, despite the challenges that this complex aspectual system poses. Expand
A Cognitive Grammar Analysis of the Semantics of the Russian Verbal Prefix na
A radial category model is proposed to account for the polysemous functions of na-, with several metonymically and metaphorically related functions branching out from a single spatial prototype. Expand
Mapping between domains. The aspect–modality interaction in Russian
This paper takes a strictly corpus-based, quantitative approach within which corpus data on the relationship between aspect and modality are modeled using mixed effects logistic regression, and suggests that aspect choice is predicted best by a newly introduced variable—generic vs. specific ‘State of Affairs applicability'—and not by modality type, as was previously assumed. Expand
A database of Russian verbal aspect
It is shown that not all prefixed verbs are perfective, and that there is no relation between the meaning of a prefixed за- verb and the presence or absence of a direct object. Expand
Grammatical profiles and the interaction of the lexicon with aspect, tense, and mood in Russian
Abstract We propose the “grammatical profile” as a means of probing the aspectual behavior of verbs. A grammatical profile is the relative frequency distribution of the inflected forms of a word in aExpand
Prefix variation as a challenge to Russian aspectual pairs: are завязнуть and увязнуть ‘get stuck’ the same or different?
A detailed empirical analysis is presented, showing that prefix variation is both frequent and systematic in Russian, and that the results support the Overlap Hypothesis. Expand


A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb
Preface 1. The category of aspect 2. Aspect and form 3. Aspectual pairs 4. Past tense 5. Present and future tenses 6. Multiple action 7. Modals - I. Imperative 8. Modals - II. Infinitive and otherExpand
Adverbial subordination : a typology and history of adverbial subordinators based on European languages
Based on morphological, syntactic and semantic analysis of the complete inventories of adverbial subordinators of some 50 European languages, this monograph presents an account of adverbialExpand
A metaphor in search of a source domain: The categories of Slavic aspect
Abstract I propose that human experience of matter provides the source domain for the metaphor that motivates the grammatical category of aspect in Russian. This model is a version of the universalExpand
The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World
This analysis reveals that lexical substance evolves into grammatical substance through various mechanisms of change, such as metaphorical extension and the conventionalization of implicature, providing clear evidence that language use is a major factor in the evolution of synchronic language states. Expand
Modality’s semantic map
Starting from Bybee, Perkins, & Pagliuca (1994) and complementing their insights with observations that often originale in the non-English literature on modality, this paper attempts to supply theExpand
Suppletion: Frequency, categories and distribution of stems
Suppletion is where the word-forms of the same lexeme have phonologically distinct stems. A study of thirty languages shows it to be surprisingly widespread, suggesting resistance to the pressure ofExpand
The Middle Voice
This book approaches the middle voice from the perspective of typology and language universals research. The principal aim is to provide a typologically valid characterization of the category ofExpand
The geometry of grammatical meaning: Semantic maps and cross-linguistic comparison
A recurrent problem in linguistic analysis is the existence of multiple senses or uses of a linguistic unit. While this affects all meaningful elements of language alike, content words as well asExpand
A Semantic Map for Imperative-Hortatives
This chapter is about similarities and differences in the way languages express orders, requests and exhortations and employs a so-called ‘semantic map’ that yields some insights in the study of Imperatives and Imperative-like structures. Expand
The Parameter of Aspect
This chapter discusses the development of the Aspectual System of English and its role in Discourse Representation Theory, as well as some of the aspects of its application in linguistics. Expand