Aspects of urban poverty in Bombay

  title={Aspects of urban poverty in Bombay},
  author={Madhura Swaminathan},
  journal={Environment \& Urbanization},
  pages={133 - 144}
  • M. Swaminathan
  • Published 1 April 1995
  • Economics
  • Environment & Urbanization
The paper considers poverty and deprivation among two groups of low-income communities in Bombay: pavement dwellers and households living in a designated “slum” area. The author uses longitudinal data to examine relations between changes in income and changes in living conditions and concludes that poverty can be neither understood nor tackled through a simple focus on income but a more comprehensive approach including a consideration of housing and living conditions is required. 

Tables from this paper

Third World Cities: Sustainable Urban Development II—Population, Labour and Poverty
This is one in a series of overview articles examining aspects of urbanization in developing countries. This article is concerned with the relationship between demographic issues employment and
A Comparative Study of Living Conditions in Slums of Three Metro Cities in India
Urban population in India has been rising rapidly as millions of migrants are moving to urban areas aspiring for higher earning and better living. The number of urban poor is also growing and a
Vulnerability of Poor Urban Women to Climate-linked Water Insecurities at the Household Level: A Case Study of Slums in Delhi
In most developing countries rural, peri-urban slum women and girls spend several hours every day in water accession and management. Climate change coupled with demographic and technological factors
How the scale and nature of urban poverty are under-estimated -- the limitations of the US$1 a day poverty line.
This paper seeks to demonstrate why the assumptions underlying monetary measures of urban poverty may be wrong. It first considers the importance of urban poverty within global poverty reduction
The City Poverty Assessment A Primer Prepared for the Urban Management Course
? ver the last decades, city managers and activists have faced an urgency to respond to the plight of the urban poor. Cities all over the world have grown tremendously and in many regions the locus
Poverty and Maternal Health Care Utilisation in Maharashtra: Associated Influences on Infant Mortality and Morbidity
Findings show that infants living in poorer households in rural and urban areas have a lower utilisation of MHC services than those in the higher socio-economic strata, and have an increased risk of poor nutritional status and neonatal mortality.
The Economic and Social Processes Influencing the Level and Nature of Chronic Poverty in Urban Areas
The objective of this paper is to review the economic, political and social processes influencing the nature, extent and depth of poverty in urban areas of the South. The task is primarily
The City Poverty Assessment: A Primer
This paper provides an introduction to the concept of, and tools used in City Poverty Assessments. There is no standard content to such assessments; rather, they need to be adapted to the specific
The determinants of earnings among low‐income workers in Bombay: An analysis of panel data
This article estimates the determinants of earnings among workers in low income settlements of Bombay. It uses panel data on workers in two homeless (pavement-dwelling) communities and two slum


The impact of adult ill-health on household income and nutrition in Khulna, Bangladesh.
This documents the large number of labour days lost by principal income earners in a low-income settlement (bustee) in Khulna, owing to illness or accidents. It also shows how the poorest households
“ Allocat ion of urban space : rhetoric and reality ”
  • 1990
Bombay ’ s weaker sections : a survey of their level of living ”
  • Indian Journal of Social Work
  • 1988
“ Macro dimensions of urban poverty : implications for planning ”
  • 1993