Aspects of Solvent Chemistry for Calcium Hydroxide Medicaments

  title={Aspects of Solvent Chemistry for Calcium Hydroxide Medicaments},
  author={Basil Athanassiadis and Laurence James Walsh},
Calcium hydroxide pastes have been used in endodontics since 1947. Most current calcium hydroxide endodontic pastes use water as the vehicle, which limits the dissolution of calcium hydroxide that can be achieved and, thereby, the maximum pH that can be achieved within the root canal system. Using polyethylene glycol as a solvent, rather than water, can achieve an increase in hydroxyl ions release compared to water or saline. By adopting non-aqueous solvents such as the polyethylene glycols… CONTINUE READING

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