Banana (Musa sp.) and papaya (Carica papaya) cultivars were harvested from different locations throughout Hawaii and analyzed for vitamin C (ascorbic acid), provitamin A (b-carotene, a-carotene, b-cryptoxanthin), and mineral composition. Dwarf Brazilian (‘‘apple’’) bananas had almost three times more vitamin C (12.7mg/100 g fresh weight) than Williams fruit (4.5mg/100 g). Also, Dwarf Brazilian bananas had 96.9 mgb-carotene and 104.9mg a-carotene/100 g, whereas Williams fruit averaged 55.7mg b-carotene and 84.0mg acarotene/100 g. Bananas contained higher concentrations of lutein than of the provitamin A pigments, aand b-carotene. Papaya vitamin C content was 51.2mg/100 g, with no differences among cultivars. Papaya provitamin A carotenoids averaged 232.3 mgb-carotene and 594.3mgb-cryptoxanthin/100 g, and vitamin A ranged from 18.7 to 74.0 mgRAE/100 g. Lycopene was not detected in the yellow-fleshed cultivars, Kapoho, Laie Gold, and Rainbow, but the red-fleshed Sunrise and SunUp fruit contained 1350–3674 mg lycopene/100 g. Dwarf Brazilian bananas had higher P, Ca, Mg, Mn, and Zn contents than Williams fruit. The average K content for Hawaii’s bananas was 330.6mg/100 g. Papayas (100 g) contained 9% of the dietary reference intake (DRI) for Cu, 6–8% of the DRI for Mg, but less than 3% of the DRI for other minerals. r 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.