Aryans and British India

  title={Aryans and British India},
  author={Sanford B. Steever and Thomas R. Trautmann},
'Aryan,' a word that today evokes images of racial hatred and atrocity, was first used by Europeans to suggest bonds of kinship, as Thomas Trautmann shows in his far-reaching history of British Orientalism and the ethnology of India. When the historical relationship uniting Sanskrit with the languages of Europe was discovered, it seemed clear that Indians and Britons belonged to the same family. Thus the Indo-European or Aryan idea, based on the principle of linguistic kinship, dominated… 

Western ‘orientalists’ and the colonial perception of caste

This chapter examines the understandings of caste propounded by Western orientalists from the late seventeenth to the early twentieth century. By the early twentieth century, the massive bureaucratic

“All Races are Mixed Races:” Of Anglo-Indians and British Aryans

In this article, I situate Anglo-Indian anti-racism activist Cedric Dover’s thoughts against the backdrop of travelling discourses of Aryanism as manifested from the nineteenth century onward.

Ireland, India, and the Poetics of Internationalism

Focusing on decolonization and the home rule movement in India and Ireland, this article examines the career of the poet and theosophist James Cousins, who left a flourishing career in Dublin and

Gendering India: Effeminacy and the Scottish Enlightenment's Debates over Virtue and Luxury

The major claim of this essay is that eighteenth century Scottish notions of gender and national character is accorded to socio-political institutions, in contrast to the counter-notions in the high

Tragic Orphans: Indians in Malaysia

In 1938, noting that the bulk of the Indian population formed a ""landless proletariat"" and despairing of the ability of the factionalized Indian community to unite in pursuit of common objectives,

'Young India: A Bengal Eclogue': Or Meat-eating, Race, and Reform in a Colonial Poem

This essay uses a poem written by an Englishman in early nineteenth-century Calcutta, 'Young India: A Bengal Eclogue', to examine the contexts of reform, revision, and writing in Bengal in the 1820s

The Glory of Ancient India Stems from her Aryan Blood: French anthropologists ‘construct’ the racial history of India for the world

Abstract In the last century the French presented their race-neutral policies as evidence of their colour blindness. Yet they were among the foremost proponents of race theory and racial hierarchy,

Genealogy of Colonial Discourse: Hindu Traditions and the Limits of European Representation

  • Raf Gelders
  • History, Art
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 2009
In the aftermath of Edward Said's Orientalism (1978), European representations of Eastern cultures have returned to preoccupy the Western academy. Much of this work reiterates the point that

Monotheism and modernity: W. E. Hearn, Ireland, empire and the household gods

Operating with Darwinian categories, and beginning with Sir Henry Maine’s Ancient Law (1861), scholars in comparative ethnology, jurisprudence, and philology claimed that some societies evolved

Corruption and Redemption: The Legend of Valluvar and Tamil Literary History

This [the Valluvar legend] is one of the traditions which are so repugnant to inveterate popular prejudice that they appear too strange for fiction, and are probably founded on fact. (Robert Caldwell



An anthropologist among the historians and other essays

These twenty-three essays by Professor Cohn are collected here for the first time. The first section is concerned with methodology within the disciplines of history and anthropology, particularly as

Dravidian Kinship

  • 1981

lexique, bibl., annexe, ¡II., 8 pi

  • The Concept of Race in South Asia,
  • 1995