Artificial substrates enhance non-native macroalga and N2 production

  title={Artificial substrates enhance non-native macroalga and N2 production},
  author={Nathan R. Geraldi and Ashley R. Smyth and Michael F Piehler and Charles H. Peterson},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
The introduction of non-native species occurs within a context of other anthropogenic impacts: thus a holistic approach is needed to understand interactive effects. Installation of shoreline protection structures is increasing in response to rising sea levels and increasing frequency of intense storms. Shoreline hardening structures can facilitate establishment of non-native species with multiple potential consequences. We measured abundances of both native and non-native Codium, a green… CONTINUE READING
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