Artificial molecular-level machines: which energy to make them work?

  title={Artificial molecular-level machines: which energy to make them work?},
  author={Roberto Ballardini and Vincenzo Balzani and Alberto Credi and Maria Teresa Gandolfi and Margherita Venturi},
  journal={Accounts of chemical research},
  volume={34 6},
The concept of machine can be extended to the molecular level by designing and synthesizing (supra)molecular species capable of performing mechanical movements. The energy needed to make a machine work can be supplied as chemical energy, electrical energy, or light. When a chemical "fuel" is used, waste products are formed, whereas this is not the case when suitable photochemical or electrochemical energy inputs are employed. A number of elementary functions performed by molecular-level… CONTINUE READING
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