Artificial ecosystem selection.

@article{Swenson2000ArtificialES,
  title={Artificial ecosystem selection.},
  author={William Swenson and David Sloan Wilson and R. Paul Elias},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2000},
  volume={97 16},
  pages={9110-4}
}
Artificial selection has been practiced for centuries to shape the properties of individual organisms, providing Darwin with a powerful argument for his theory of natural selection. We show that the properties of whole ecosystems can also be shaped by artificial selection procedures. Ecosystems initiated in the laboratory vary phenotypically and a proportion of the variation is heritable, despite the fact that the ecosystems initially are composed of thousands of species and millions of… CONTINUE READING
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The Extended Phenotype: The Long Reach of the Gene

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Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton)

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