Artificial Topological Superconductor by the Proximity Effect

@article{Xu2014ArtificialTS,
  title={Artificial Topological Superconductor by the Proximity Effect},
  author={Jinpeng Xu and Canhua Liu and Meixiao Wang and Jian-Feng Ge and Zhi-Long Liu and Xiaojun Yang and Yan Chen and Ying D. Liu and Zhu-An Xu and Chun-lei Gao and Dong Qian and Fu-Chun Zhang and Jin-feng Jia},
  journal={Physical Review Letters},
  year={2014},
  volume={112},
  pages={217001}
}
Topological superconductors (TSCs) have a full gap in the bulk and gapless surface states consisting of Majorana fermions, which have potential applications in fault-tolerant topological quantum computation. Because TSCs are very rare in nature, an alternative way to study the TSC is to artificially introduce superconductivity into the surface states of a topological insulator (TI) through proximity effect (PE)1-4. Here we report the first experimental realization of the PE induced TSC in… 

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