Artificial Fishes: Autonomous Locomotion, Perception, Behavior, and Learning in a Simulated Physical World

@article{Terzopoulos1994ArtificialFA,
  title={Artificial Fishes: Autonomous Locomotion, Perception, Behavior, and Learning in a Simulated Physical World},
  author={Demetri Terzopoulos and Xiaoyuan Tu and Radek Grzeszczuk},
  journal={Artificial Life},
  year={1994},
  volume={1},
  pages={327-351}
}
This article develops artificial life patterned after animals as evolved as those in the superclass Pisces. It demonstrates a virtual marine world inhabited by realistic artificial fishes. Our algorithms emulate not only the appearance, movement, and behavior of individual animals, but also the complex group behaviors evident in many aquatic ecosystems. We model each animal holistically. An artificial fish is an autonomous agent situated in a simulated physical world. The agent has (a) a three… 

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