Artificial Cranial Deformation in the Shanidar 1 and 5 Neandertals

  title={Artificial Cranial Deformation in the Shanidar 1 and 5 Neandertals},
  author={Erik Trinkaus},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={198 - 199}
  • E. Trinkaus
  • Published 1 April 1982
  • Sociology
  • Current Anthropology
in prehistoric central Arizona. Paper presented at the 50th annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Detroit, Mich. REED, E. K. 1948, The Western Pueblo archaeological complex. El Palacio 55:9-15. . 1950. Eastern-central Arizona archaeology in relation to the Western Pueblos. Soutthwestern Jouirnal of Anthropology 6:120-38. SPICER, E. H. 1962. Cycles of conquest. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. UPHAM, S. 1980. Political continuity and change in the plateau… Expand
Earliest-known intentionally deformed human cranium from Asia
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The sociopolitical history and physiological underpinnings of skull deformation.
While evidence from ancient Peru is widespread and complex, there are comparatively fewer examples of deformed crania from the period of Akhenaten's rule, suggesting the need for further research using evidence from depictions of the royal family in reliefs and busts. Expand
Earliest-known intentionally deformed human cranial fossil from Asia and the initiation of hereditary hierarchy in the early Holocene
With a calibrated radiocarbon age of 11245-11200 years BP, a fossil skull of an adult male displaying ICD discovered in Northeastern China is among the oldest-known ICD practices in the world and points to the early initiation of complex societies among the non-agricultural local societies in Nort northeastern Asia in the early Holocene. Expand
A comprehensive morphometric analysis of the frontal and zygomatic bone of the Zuttiyeh fossil from Israel.
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The Distribution and Cultural Context of Artificial Cranial Modification in the Central and Southern Philippines
Given its regional scope and good provenience information, the Guthe Collection offers a rare opportunity to examine both the spatial distribution and the cultural context of artificial cranialExpand
Intentional cranial modification from the Houtaomuga Site in Jilin, China: Earliest evidence and longest in situ practice during the Neolithic Age.
The antiquity as well as the cultural and genetic continuity of the population in Houtaomuga Site demonstrated the earliest confirmed ICM cases from the easternmost Old World, and the longest in situ duration of ICM practice at one single Neolithic site, which contributes to understanding of the origins and distribution ofICM in Eurasia and the American continent. Expand
Studing cranial vault modifications in ancient Mesoamerica.
  • V. Tiesler
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Journal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di antropologia : JASS
  • 2012
An up-dated, interdisciplinary examination of the physiological implications and the cultural meanings of artificially produced head shapes in different times and culture areas within Mesoamerica leads to a discussion of the scope, caveats, and future directions involved in this kind of research in the region and beyond. Expand
An investigation into the practice of cranial deformation among the Pre‐Columbian peoples of northern Chile
By analysis of the methods used in ACD, it can be demonstrated that head deforming may yield information significant to the study of the political and cultural changes that occurred throughout the prehistory of the region. Expand
Antiquity and geographic distribution of cranial modification among the prehistoric groups of Fuego-Patagonia, Chile.
The results suggest that the emergence of modern ethnic identities in the region is a historic process that resulted from the interaction of local groups with European and Criollos. Expand
Reconstructing Ancient Head-Shaping Traditions from the Skeletal Record
In archaeological record, the ancient tradition of head shaping is prone to leave tangible impressions in the skulls. The systematic examination of ancient skulls allows scholarship to recreate theExpand


Artificial Cranial Deformation: a component in the variation in Pleistocene Australian Aboriginal crania
The extremes of morphological variation in Australian Aboriginal crania have long fuelled debate as to the biological origins of the Australian population (Topinard 1872; Turner 1884; Keith 1925;Expand
A comparative analysis of Eurasian Palaeolithic burials
Abstract The study of variability in archaeological mortuary populations can be informative in view of the tendency for mortuary organization to reflect social organization, even in the case ofExpand
Artificial Cranial Deformation: a Contribution to the Study of Ethnic Mutilations
ONE of the strangest eccentricities in human behaviour is revealed in the widespread practice among even civilised men and women of bodily mutilations, such as scarring and tattooing, piercing ears,Expand
Trauma among the Shanidar Neandertals.
A high frequency of antemortem trauma associated with the survival of the injured individuals appears to have been characteristic of the Neandertals. Expand
The Shanidar Neanderthal crania
  • Aspects of human evolution
  • 1981
incomplete to indicate whether their crania were artificially deformed. The preserved portions of the Shanidar 2 cranium suggest that it probably was not deformed
  • 1981
The Shanidar 5 Neanderthal skeleton
  • 1977
Cranial variation
  • 1973
Cranial variation in man. Peabody Museum Papers 67
  • 1973