Arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement following slipped capital femoral epiphysis.

Abstract

UNLABELLED Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) may lead to symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). We report our experience of arthroscopic treatment, including osteochondroplasty, for the sequelae of SCFE. Data were prospectively collected on patients undergoing arthroscopy of the hip for the sequelae of SCFE between March 2007 and February 2013, including demographic data, radiological assessment of the deformity and other factors that may influence outcome, such as the presence of established avascular necrosis. Patients completed the modified Harris hip score (mHHS) and the non-arthritic hip score (NAHS) before and after surgery. In total, 18 patients with a mean age of 19 years (13 to 42), were included in the study. All patients presented with pain in the hip and mechanical symptoms, and had evidence of FAI (cam or mixed impingement) on plain radiographs. The patients underwent arthroscopic osteoplasty of the femoral neck. The mean follow-up was 29 months (23 to 56). The mean mHHS and NAHS scores improved from 56.2 (27.5 to 100.1) and 52.1 (12.5 to 97.5) pre-operatively to 75.1 (33.8 to 96.8, p = 0.01) and 73.6 (18.8 to 100, p = 0.02) at final follow-up, respectively. Linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant association between poorer outcome scores and increased time to surgery following SCFE (p < 0.05 for all parameters except baseline MHHS). Symptomatic FAI following (SCFE) may be addressed using arthroscopic techniques, and should be treated promptly to minimise progressive functional impairment and chondrolabral degeneration. TAKE HOME MESSAGE Arthroscopy of the hip can be used to treat femoroacetabular impingement successfully following SCFE. However, this should be performed promptly after presentation in order to prevent irreversible progression and poorer clinical outcomes.

DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.98B1.35831

Cite this paper

@article{Basheer2016ArthroscopicTO, title={Arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement following slipped capital femoral epiphysis.}, author={Sheba Z Basheer and Andrew P. Cooper and Rohit Maheshwari and Balasubramanian Balakumar and Sanjeev S. Madan}, journal={The bone & joint journal}, year={2016}, volume={98-B 1}, pages={21-7} }