Arteriovenous fistulae and cardiovascular function : the relationship between brain naturetic peptide , cardiac index and access flow

@inproceedings{Aitken2016ArteriovenousFA,
  title={Arteriovenous fistulae and cardiovascular function : the relationship between brain naturetic peptide , cardiac index and access flow},
  author={Emma Aitken},
  year={2016}
}
Short communication The Vascular Access Society defines “highflow” AVF as those with Qa>1000-1500mL/ min [1]. High vascular access blood flow (Qa) is believed to increase cardiac output and may lead to high output cardiac failure [2]. There is anecdotal evidence that high flow arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) can cause symptomatic heart failure with dyspnea, orthopnoea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and peripheral oedema [2,3].