Arteriovenous Malformations of the Brain in Children: A Forty Year Experience

@article{Kondziolka1992ArteriovenousMO,
  title={Arteriovenous Malformations of the Brain in Children: A Forty Year Experience},
  author={Douglas Kondziolka and Robin P. Humphreys and Harold J. Hoffman and E. Bruce Hendrick and James M. Drake},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques},
  year={1992},
  volume={19},
  pages={40 - 45}
}
  • D. KondziolkaR. Humphreys J. Drake
  • Published 1 February 1992
  • Medicine
  • Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
ABSTRACT: Despite the great capacity for the pediatric brain to recover from stroke, the morbidity and mortality in children who harbor an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) remains high. This study examines the clinical data and management experience with 132 patients with brain AVM from 1949 to 1989. Although the high tendency for a childhood AVM to present with hemorrhage (79%) remained constant for the forty year study period, the associated morbidity and mortality of hemorrhage changed. The… 

[Arteriovenous malformations of the brain in children: treatment results for 376 patients].

Early relapses of hemorrhage are not characteristic for children with cerebral AVM, there are no indications for urgent surgery except for cases of intracerebral hematoma, and it is unreasonable to postpone AVM radiosurgical treatment in children with increased risk of recurrent hemorrhage.

Cerebral arteriovenous malformations in children

The successful management of anaesthesia either for embolization or surgical resection necessitates an understanding of the disciplines of paediatric and neuroanaesthesia, and special care and specific attention to detail may contribute to reduce the high morbidity and mortality encountered in these compromised children.

Arteriovenous Malformations of the Brain

The prospects for mean-ingful recovery following intracranial hemorrhage from an AVM seem better than those following in-tracrania hemorrhages from other causes such as aneurysmal rupture or hypertension.

Cerebellar arteriovenous malformations in children

The severity of clinical presentation was directly related to the size of the acute haematoma, which was a reasonable predictor of outcome, and vascular pathology other than an AVM was found in 14 children with a ruptured cerebellar AVM who had angiography.

Brain ArterioVenous Malformation in Children . Always a Late Diagnosis

Two cases presented are examples of where the AVM diagnosis was established following the rupture of the malformation and was clearly identifiable after angiography and treatable with endovascular embolization.

The effect of age on arteriovenous malformations in children and young adults undergoing magnetic resonance imaging

AVM prevalence on MRI significantly increased with age, and is seen more frequently on MRI with advancing age in children and young adults.

Characteristics and Long-Term Outcome of 127 Children With Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations

Hemorrhagic presentation was more common in children than in adults, and was also reflected as lower prevalence of epileptic presentation in the pediatric cohort, which correlated negatively with incidentally and epilepsy-diagnosed AVMs.

Acute surgical management of children with ruptured brain arteriovenous malformation.

HE is a lifesaving procedure performed in approximately half of the children who suffer AVM rupture, and the good overall outcome justifies intensive initial management.
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