Arterial compliance increases after moderate-intensity cycling.

Abstract

Exercise training elevates arterial compliance at rest, but the effects of acute exercise in this regard are unknown. This study investigated the effects of a single, 30-min bout of cycling exercise at 65% of maximal oxygen consumption on indexes of arterial compliance. Whole body arterial compliance determined noninvasively from simultaneous measurements of aortic flow and carotid pressure was elevated (66 +/- 26%) at 0.5 h postexercise (P = 0.04), followed by a decline to baseline 1 h after exercise. Aortic pulse-wave velocity, which is inversely related to compliance, was reduced (4 +/- 2%; P = 0.04) at 0.5 h postexercise. Pulse-wave velocity in the leg decreased by 10 +/- 4% at this time (P = 0.01). Mean arterial pressure was unchanged; however, central systolic blood pressure was reduced postexercise (P = 0.03). Cardiac output was elevated after exercise (P = 0.007) via heart rate elevation (P = 0.001), whereas stroke volume was unchanged. Total peripheral resistance was therefore reduced (P = 0.01) and would be expected to contribute to an elevation in arterial compliance. In conclusion, a single bout of cycling exercise increased whole body arterial compliance by mechanisms that may relate to vasodilation.

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@article{Kingwell1997ArterialCI, title={Arterial compliance increases after moderate-intensity cycling.}, author={Bronwyn A. Kingwell and Kelly L. Berry and J . Douglas Cameron and Garry L R Jennings and Anthony Michael Dart}, journal={The American journal of physiology}, year={1997}, volume={273 5 Pt 2}, pages={H2186-91} }