Arsenic in Napoleon's wallpaper

@article{Jones1982ArsenicIN,
  title={Arsenic in Napoleon's wallpaper},
  author={David E. J. Jones and Kenneth W. D. Ledingham},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1982},
  volume={299},
  pages={626-627}
}
Napoleon's illness and death on St Helena have been the subject of controversy. His symptoms have been compared with those of arsenic poisoning1–3, and arsenic has been found in surviving samples of his hair4–8. During the nineteenth century, many people were accidentally poisoned by arsenical vapours from wallpaper9–11. Accordingly, it is an intriguing speculation that Napoleon may have ingested arsenic from his wallpaper. After presenting this speculation on a radio broadcast, one of us (D.E… 

A new series of hair analyses from Napoleon confirms chronic exposure to arsenic.

In this particular climate of controversy among people actively involved in history and biology, in December 2002 the laboratory received five hair specimens attributed to Napoleon, and they exhibited arsenic content in higher amounts than the physiological concentrations of the present time.

Channelling the Emperor: What Really Killed Napoleon?

It is likely that the immediate cause of the Emperor's death was torsades de pointes, brought on by chronic exposure to arsenic and a medication error.

The Medical Mystery of Napoleon Bonaparte: An Interdisciplinary Exposé

The aim of this review is to use a multidisciplinary approach to provide a systematic and critical assessment of Napoleon's cause of death.

Did poisoning play a role in Napoleon’s death? A systematic review

Napoleon’s 1821 death is classified as “unnatural” with massive gastric bleeding due to primary involvement of toxic substances that may have precipitated or exacerbated an underlying “ natural” pathological condition or a disease as likely could be a stomach carcinoma; it does not imply criminal intent.

Payment Deferred: Strychnine Poisoning in Nicaragua 65 Years Ago

It is concluded that Oliverio Castañeda was the probable perpetrator of three 1933 strychnine murders in León and that he may have previously used stryhnine to kill others in Nicaragua and neighboring countries.

Poisoning the Mind: Arsenic Contamination and Cognitive Achievement of Children

The findings show an unambiguously negative and statistically significant correlation between mathematics score and arsenicosis at home, net of exposure at school, and similar correlations are found for cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes such as subjective well-being.

Famous persons with gastrointestinal, liver or pancreatic cancer

Reading through the biographies of the famous, a physician cannot but wonder, how different might history, art, politics, philosophy and so forth, be if an appropriate diagnosis or treatment,

Health Concerns of Heavy Metals and Metalloids

A brief look is taken of some aspects of the toxicity of lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic, chosen for their historical importance and environmental significance, highlighting especially the contrast between the acute and chronic toxicity of purely inorganic species and their organic derivatives.

History of Arsenic as a Poison and a Medicinal Agent

This research highlights the need to understand more fully the rationale behind the continued use of these baubles, as well as their potential adverse effects on human health.