Army Alpha, Army Brass, and the Search for Army Intelligence

@article{Carson1993ArmyAA,
  title={Army Alpha, Army Brass, and the Search for Army Intelligence},
  author={John Carson},
  journal={Isis},
  year={1993},
  volume={84},
  pages={278 - 309}
}
This essay examines in detail one episode in the relationship between psychology and the American military during World War I – the decision to establish a program of army-wide intelligence testing – in order to investigate what can happen when members of a particular scientific community, in this case American psychology, must persuade a different community, the military, of the value and authority of their knowledge and practices. It is a story of negotiation and transformation. 
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References

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-7-22 to 6-25-18), box 1090, AGO, 1917-1925. For data on the relation of intelligence scores and criminal or nonmilitary behavior see group 44, file: Prisoners, box 145, #1150, OCS
    It is important, if these kinds of work are to be continued and rendered substantially useful to the Government, that they be henceforth directed by a military officer
      On the other hand see Brown, memo to Chief of Staff, 31 Oct. 1918; and Jervey, memo to Adjutant General
      • Sanitary Corps-Medical Dept., box 561, WCD
      Yerkes Papers. For copies of all of the army tests, including their directions and scoring instructions, see Yerkes
      • Psychological Examining (cit. n. 9
      file 702-Psychological (2-7-22 to 6-25-18), box 1090, AGO, 1917-1925; and Brigadier General Lytle Brown, memo to Chief of Staff
      • group