Armed Groups and Sexual Violence: When Is Wartime Rape Rare?

@article{Wood2009ArmedGA,
  title={Armed Groups and Sexual Violence: When Is Wartime Rape Rare?},
  author={Elisabeth Jean Wood},
  journal={Politics \& Society},
  year={2009},
  volume={37},
  pages={131 - 161}
}
  • E. Wood
  • Published 2009
  • Economics
  • Politics & Society
This article explores a particular pattern of wartime violence, the relative absence of sexual violence on the part of many armed groups. This neglected fact has important policy implications: If some groups do not engage in sexual violence, then rape is not inevitable in war as is sometimes claimed, and there are stronger grounds for holding responsible those groups that do engage in sexual violence. After developing a theoretical framework for understanding the observed variation in wartime… Expand
The effect of sexual violence on negotiated outcomes in civil conflicts
Combatants used sexual violence in approximately half of all civil conflicts since 1989. We expect that when groups resort to sexual violence they are organizationally vulnerable, unlikely to win,Expand
Violence against women in armed conflicts: pre, during and post
The article will briefly present the problem of violence against women in armed conflict. Violence during war varies in extent and takes distinct forms, sometimes is widespread and yet in otherExpand
Sexual violence in the Irish Civil War: a forgotten war crime?
ABSTRACT This article provides a detailed analysis of conflict-related rapes and sexual assaults perpetrated in the period covering the Irish Civil War and its immediate aftermath. The impactExpand
The History of Sexual Violence in War
The following chapter will outline the historical roots of sexualized violence in warfare and examine the major theories that attempt to explain why men rape. Examples are drawn from World Wars I andExpand
Sexual violence and biased military interventions in civil conflict 1
What is the impact of foreign troop support on combatant-perpetrated sexual violence against civilians? We hypothesize that biased troop support increases the risk of sexual violence by theExpand
Sexual Violence During Armed Conflict
This chapter examines the nature of, and variation in, sexual violence and sexualized violence in armed conflicts. It presents a typology of forms the violence takes and examines various theoreticalExpand
Collective Sexual Violence in Bosnia and Sierra Leone: A Comparative Case Study Analysis
TLDR
Comparing and contrasting preconflict characteristics, conflict framing, and justifications for sexual violence in the Bosnian and Sierra Leone armed conflicts can be used to identify factors that may contribute to the collectivization of sexual violence during war. Expand
Rape and Sexual Violence: Questionable Inevitability and Moral Responsibility in Armed Conflict
Wartime sexual violence is a critical human rights issue that usurps the autonomy of its victims as well as their physical and psychological safety. It occurs in both ethnic and non-ethnic wars,Expand
A Gendered Imperative: Does Sexual Violence Attract UN Attention in Civil Wars?
There is increasing awareness that sexual violence is distinct from other aspects of civilian victimization in civil wars. Few studies have examined the independent impact of such violence onExpand
Conflict-related sexual violence and the policy implications of recent research
  • E. Wood
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • International Review of the Red Cross
  • 2014
Abstract Scholars increasingly document different forms of conflict-related sexual violence, their distinct causes, and their sharply varying deployment by armed organizations. In this paper, I firstExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Variation in Sexual Violence during War
Sexual violence during war varies in extent and takes distinct forms. In some conflicts, sexual violence is widespread, yet in other conflicts—including some cases of ethnic conflict—it is quiteExpand
Front and Center: Sexual Violence in U.S. Military Law
Military-on-military sexual violence—the type of sexual violence that most directly disrupts operations, harms personnel, and undermines recruiting—occurs with astonishing frequency. The U.S.Expand
Rape as Genocide: Bangladesh, the Former Yugoslavia, and Rwanda
According to the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of an ethnic, national, or religious group and/orExpand
War and gender: How gender shapes the war system and vice versa.
1. A puzzle: the cross-cultural consistency of gender roles in war 2. Women warriors: the historical record of female combatants 3. Bodies: the biology of individual gender 4. Groups: bonding,Expand
Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence
Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence, Jeremy M. Weinstein, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 429. Inside Rebellion combines clear and sharp theoretical insights withExpand
Handling and Manhandling Civilians in Civil War
The toll of civil conflict is largely borne by civilian populations, as warring factions target non-combatants through campaigns of violence. But significant variation exists in the extent to whichExpand
Charred Lullabies: Chapters in an Anthropography of Violence
How does an ethnographer write about violence? How can he make sense of violent acts, for himself and for his readers, without compromising its sheer excess and its meaning-defying core? How can heExpand
Militarizing Sri Lanka: Popular Culture, Memory and Narrative in the Armed Conflict
Constituting Martial Virtue: The Processes of Militarization in Sri Lanka Marketing War, Marketing Peace: Mediating Global Capital and National Security Staging Pain: The Disabled Soldier and theExpand
Claiming Spaces, Changing Places: Political Violence and Women's Protests in KwaZulu-Natal
This paper examines the connections between the public and the private sphere through a case study of political protests by women in Mpumalanga Township, KwaZulu-Natal. The paper begins by reflectingExpand
Lions, Tigers, and Freedom Birds: How and Why the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Employs Women
This article examines how and why the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) integrated women, highlighting themes common to women's participation in militant groups such as women's uniqueExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...