Arithmetic Processing in Children With Spina Bifida

  title={Arithmetic Processing in Children With Spina Bifida},
  author={Marcia A. Barnes and Margaret Wilkinson and Ekta Khemani and Amy Boudesquie and Maureen Dennis and Jack M. Fletcher},
  journal={Journal of Learning Disabilities},
  pages={174 - 187}
Three studies compared 98 children with spina bifida myelomeningocele (SBM)—a disorder associated with high rates of math disability and spatial deficits—to 94 typically developing children on multidigit subtraction and cognitive addition tasks. Children with SBM were classified into those with reading decoding and math disability, only math disability, and no reading or math disability. Study 1 showed that visual—spatial errors in multidigit arithmetic were not elevated in children with SBM… 

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