Aridity, Cooling, Open Vegetation, and the Evolution of Plants and Animals During the Cenozoic

@inproceedings{Saarinen2020AridityCO,
  title={Aridity, Cooling, Open Vegetation, and the Evolution of Plants and Animals During the Cenozoic},
  author={Juha J. Saarinen and Dimitra V. Mantzouka and Jakub Sakala},
  year={2020}
}
The development of grassland ecosystems across most continents was a multistage process involving the appearance of open-habitat grasses in the Paleogene, the mid-late Cenozoic spread of C3 grass-dominated habitats, and, finally, the Late Neogene expansion of C4 grasses at tropical and subtropical latitudes. In addition, the timing of these evolutionary and ecological events varied across continents and between regions. The middle Miocene witnessed a climate optimum at a global scale, but, soon… 

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