Areca nut extract treatment down-regulates involucrin in normal human oral keratinocyte through P13K/AKT activation.


Areca (betel) is an important etiological factor linked to the high prevalence of oral carcinoma and other oral diseases in South Asians. Involucrin is a key component of the cornified envelop and a differentiation marker of keratinocyte. In this study, we found that 5 microg/ml non-toxic areca nut extract (ANE) treatment resulted in the 0.5-fold down… (More)