Area expansion versus effective and equitable management in international marine protected areas goals and targets

  title={Area expansion versus effective and equitable management in international marine protected areas goals and targets},
  author={Lisa M. Campbell and Noella J. Gray},
  journal={Marine Policy},

It’s Just Conservation: To What Extent Are Marine Protected Areas in the Irish Sea Equitably Governed and Managed?

It is not enough to simply designate a protected area. According to the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Aichi Target 11, these sites should be governed and managed effectively and equitably.

How Canada “hamburger manufactured” its way to marine protected area success and a more effective and equitable way forward for the post-2020 conservation agenda

  • C. LemieuxP. Gray
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
  • 2020
In Canada, the establishment of various forms of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and the reclassification of fishery closures as “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs) from 2017 to

Gaps in Protection of Important Ocean Areas: A Spatial Meta-Analysis of Ten Global Mapping Initiatives

To safeguard biodiversity effectively, marine protected areas (MPAs) should be sited using the best available science. There are numerous ongoing United Nations and nongovernmental initiatives to map

Social Dimensions in Designing and Managing Marine Protected Areas in Bangladesh

This study assesses the governance challenges faced by two different types of aquatic protected areas in Bangladesh for fish stocks and elasmobranch and cetacean species. Establishing a network of

How far have we come? A review of MPA network performance indicators in reaching qualitative elements of Aichi Target 11

Effective networks of marine protected areas (MPAs) are explicitly recognized and called for in international biodiversity conservation strategies such as the Aichi Targets. While various indicators

The Aichi Biodiversity Targets: achievements for marine conservation and priorities beyond 2020

It is concluded that although progress has been made towards the targets, these have not been fully achieved for the marine environment by the 2020 deadline, which lays the foundations for further work beyond 2020 to work towards the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity.

Evaluating the use of marine protected areas by endangered species: A habitat selection approach

1. Optimizing the design of marine protected area (MPA) networks for the conservation of migratory marine species and their habitats involves a suite of important considerations, such as appropriate

(Un)claiming rights, resources, and ocean spaces: Marine genetic resources and area-based management tools in high seas governance negotiations

After years of informal efforts, the parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) are negotiating an international legally binding instrument to address governance gaps



Building towards the marine conservation end‐game: consolidating the role of MPAs in a future ocean

Progress on spatial conservation efforts in marine environments is often summarized with the simplistic metric of extent. However, targets require a more nuanced view, where ecological effectiveness,

Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally

It is reported that many MPAs failed to meet thresholds for effective and equitable management processes, with widespread shortfalls in staff and financial resources; continued global expansion of MPAs without adequate investment in human and financial capacity is likely to lead to sub-optimal conservation outcomes.

Fishing livelihoods as key to marine protected areas: insights from the World Parks Congress

Marine protected areas (MPAs) have become a widely used tool for marine conservation and fisheries management. In coastal areas, it has become clear that the success of MPAs, and the achievement of

Debating the effectiveness of marine protected areas

Increasing the size and number of marine protected areas (MPAs) is widely seen as a way to meet ambitious biodiversity and sustainable development goals. Yet, debate still exists on the effectiveness

Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features

The results show that global conservation targets based on area alone will not optimize protection of marine biodiversity, and more emphasis is needed on better MPA design, durable management and compliance to ensure that MPAs achieve their desired conservation value.


In 2010, the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the Aichi Biodiversity Targets as part of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Target 11 calls for

Protecting Earth's last conservation frontier: scientific, management and legal priorities for MPAs beyond national boundaries

Marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) comprise most of Earth's interconnected ocean, hosting complex ecosystems that play key roles in sustaining life and providing important goods and

Can the IUCN 2008 Protected Areas Management Categories support Pacific island approaches to conservation

Many Pacific island nations lag behind more developed countries with respect to achieving Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) targets for protected area coverage. The modified definition of