Are we, like sheep, going astray: is costly signaling (or any other mechanism) necessary to explain the belief-as-benefit effect?

  title={Are we, like sheep, going astray: is costly signaling (or any other mechanism) necessary to explain the belief-as-benefit effect?},
  author={James Benjamin Schuurmans-Stekhoven},
  journal={Religion, Brain \& Behavior},
  pages={258 - 262}
635–642. Sear, R., & Mace, R. (2008). Who keeps children alive? A review of the effects of kin on child survival. Evolution and Human Behavior, 29(1), 1–18. Shariff, A. F., & Norenzayan, A. (2007). God is watching you: Priming god concepts increases prosocial behavior in an anonymous economic game. Psychological Science, 18(9), 803–809. Sosis, R. (2003). Why aren’t we all Hutterites?: Costly signaling theory and religious behavior. Human Nature, 14(2), 91–127. Sosis, R., & Bressler, E. R. (2003… 

Throw BABE Out With the Bathwater? Canadian Atheists are No Less Healthy than the Religious

  • David Speed
  • Psychology
    Journal of Religion and Health
  • 2022
The belief-as-benefit effect (BABE) is a broad term for the positive association between religion/spirituality (R/S) and health outcomes. Functionally, religious variables and religious identities

Credit Where Credit Is Due

A belief-as-benefit effect (BABE)—the positive association between well-being and religiosity/spirituality—is recurrently reported. Past BABE research has however been critiqued for predominantly

Strategies for Promoting Safe Sects: Response to Brandon Daniel-Hughes and Jeffrey B. Speaks

i am extremely grateful to brandon daniel-hughes and Jeffrey speaks for their careful reading of my proposals in Theology after the Birth of God and Practicing Safe Sects and for their insightful

Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses of Religiosity. A Four-Factor Conceptual Model

We describe an exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the International Social Survey Programme Religion Cumulation (1991-1998-2008) data set, to identify the factors of individual

The primacy of social support

In his target article, Wood links together distinct fields and disparate studies of religion to create a synthetic model of religion and well-being. I see much merit in Wood’s formulation, and I su...

Practicing Safe Sects

In Practicing Safe Sects F. LeRon Shults provides scientific and philosophical resources for having “the talk” about religious reproduction: where do gods come from – and what are the costs of



Authoritarianism, Religiousness, and Conservatism : Is “Obedience to Authority” the Explanation for Their Clustering, Universality and Evolution?

Authoritarianism, Religiousness and Conservatism are among the most studied social attitudes in modern psychology . Measures of the three attitudes consistently correlate between 0.50 and 0.70. These

Is it God or Just the Data that Moves in Mysterious Ways? How Well-Being Research may be Mistaking Faith for Virtue

Opinion is mixed regarding the link between spiritual faith-based beliefs (SFBBs) and psychological well-being—however, most published field studies suggest a positive link. Controlled experiments

Reflections on religious belief and prosociality: Comment on Galen (2012).

  • D. Myers
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 2012
Luke Galen (2012) offers a timely analysis of associations between religiosity and prosocial and antisocial attitudes and behaviors and raises 8 questions for further reflection and research.

Why Don’t We Practice What We Preach? A Meta-Analytic Review of Religious Racism

A meta-analytic review of past research evaluated the link between religiosity and racism in the United States since the Civil Rights Act to find that racial tolerance arises from humanitarian values, consistent with the idea that religious humanitarianism is largely expressed to in-group members.

Does religious belief promote prosociality? A critical examination.

  • L. Galen
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 2012
Factors necessitate a revision of the religious prosociality hypothesis and suggest that future research should incorporate more stringent controls in order to reach less ambiguous conclusions.

'What a Friend. . . ": Loneliness as a Motivator of Intrinsic Religion*

Freud (1927, 1930) claimed that devout, intrinsic religion buffers the threat of social isolation, rejection, and loneliness. We reasoned that if Freud was right, then reminding people of their

The Religious System as Adaptive: Cognitive Flexibility, Public Displays, and Acceptance

Religion is often conceived as a conservative social force that sustains traditional cultural beliefs and behaviors. Religion, however, also exhibits predictable socioecological variation and

Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: Associations, explanations, and implications.

The authors review evidence relevant to 6 propositions and conclude that some of religion's influences on health, well-being, and social behavior may result from religion's influence on self-control and self-regulation.

Humble Self-Enhancement

Prior research has linked religiosity to certain forms of self-enhancement. We extend this literature by three studies linking religiosity to the well-established better-than-average effect (BAE).

“As a Shepherd Divideth his Sheep from the Goats”: Does the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale Encapsulate Separable Theistic and Civility Components?

Numerous studies suggest spirituality and subjective well-being (SWB) are positively associated. However, critics argue that popular spirituality instruments—including the Daily Spiritual Experiences