Are subjective evaluations biased by social factors or connections? An econometric analysis of soccer referee decisions

@article{Scoppa2008AreSE,
  title={Are subjective evaluations biased by social factors or connections? An econometric analysis of soccer referee decisions},
  author={Vincenzo Scoppa},
  journal={Empirical Economics},
  year={2008},
  volume={35},
  pages={123-140}
}
  • V. Scoppa
  • Published 25 August 2008
  • Economics
  • Empirical Economics
Many incentive contracts are based on subjective evaluations and contractual disputes depend on judges’ decisions. However, subjective evaluations raise risks of favouritism and distortions. Sport contests are a fruitful field for testing empirically theories of incentives. In this paper the behaviour of the referees in the Italian soccer (football) league (“Serie A”) is analyzed. Using data on injury (or extra) time subjectively assigned by the referee at the end of the match and controlling… 

Does the crowd matter in refereeing decisions? Evidence from Spanish soccer

This paper analyses referee home bias with data from the First Division of the Spanish Football League between the 2002/03 and 2009/10 seasons. The aim is to assess the behaviour of the referee in

Referee home bias due to social pressure. Evidence from Spanish football

This paper analyses referee home bias due to social pressure with data from the matches played in the First Division of the Spanish football league between the 2002/03 and 2009/10 seasons. The aim is

Why some football referees engage in match-fixing? A sociological explanation of the influence of social structures

ABSTRACT This article shows how governance failures within sport governing bodies promote opportunity structures for the manipulation of competitions. Based on a triangulation of qualitative methods,

Favoritism towards High-Status Clubs: Evidence from German Soccer

Biases in legal decision-making are difficult to identify as type II errors (wrongful acquittals) are hardly observable and type I errors (wrongful convictions) are only observed for the subsample

Referee Bias in Professional Soccer: Evidence from Colombia

This paper measures the magnitude of referee bias using data from the Colombian professional soccer league. Our dataset contains more than 1,600 observations encompassing all first-division games

REFEREES HOME BIAS BEFORE AND AFTER CHALLENGE SYSTEM: THE CASE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL VOLLEYBALL LEAGUE BY MISS HATAIRAT VANGPHUMYAI A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ECONOMICS

This empirical study intends to shed some light on the sport that is received little attention from academics study which is international volleyball league. Since 2013, FIVB adopts Challenge System

Quantitative Analysis of Penalty Kicks and Yellow Card Referee Decisions in Soccer

Soccer referees are required to make instant decisions during the game under non-optimal conditions such as imperfect view of the incident and substantial pressure from the crowd, the teams, and the

Favoritism and Referee Bias in European Soccer: Evidence from the Spanish League and the UEFA Champions League

In this paper, we test for, and find evidence of, referee bias in favor of home teams in European football using minute-by-minute analysis to control for within-game events. The context for the

Referee bias and its impact on low fans attendance at stadiums: standpoints from Ghana

This study delved into referee bias in football matches with the aim of determining its impact on fans attendance. The study reviewed relevant literature on referee bias and discovered that in most
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES

Social Pressure Influences Decisions of Individuals: Evidence from the Behavior of Football Referees

Analyzing the neutrality of referees during twelve German premier league (1st Bundesliga) football seasons, this paper documents evidence that social forces influence agents' preferences and

Favoritism Under Social Pressure

This paper is concerned with the effect of nonmonetary incentives on behavior, in particular with the study of social pressure as a determinant of corruption. We offer empirical evidence that shows

Favoritism of Agents - the Case of Referees' Home Bias

We study the behavior of football (soccer) referees in the German Bundesliga. Referees are requested to act as impartial agents. However, they may allocate benefits and rewards in a biased way.

Are judges biased by labor market conditions

Winning Isn&Apos;T Everything: Corruption in Sumo Wrestling

Although the theoretical literature on corruption is well developed, empirical work in this area has lagged because it has proven difficult to isolate corrupt behavior in the data. In this paper, we

The Economic Design of Sporting Contests

television viewing of sports events is estimated to be 77 billion hours per year.2 One might add to this several hundreds of millions of hours spent in discussion at the water cooler. Designing an

Factors associated with home advantage in English and Scottish soccer matches.

Using the results from the end-of-season (1992-93) league tables, overall home advantage was confirmed in the eight major divisions of the English and Scottish football leagues. The degree of home

A Theory of Conformity

This paper analyzes a model of social interaction in which individuals care about status as well as "intrinsic" utility (which refers to utility derived directly from consumption). Status is assumed

Social Economics: Market Behavior in a Social Environment

When Social Economics arrived at the Editor’s desk to send out for review, my initial thought was that its publication date was several years ago, and I hesitated to place a review. I then had second