Are shoals of minnow Phoxinus phoxinus formed by close kin?

Abstract

A molecular analysis examining the level of relatedness in shoaling minnows Phoxinus phoxinus was conducted. The results revealed that individuals from within the same shoal were not more closely related to each other than to individuals from other shoals. This led to the conclusion that Schreckstoff may be less likely to have evolved in the context of kin… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2011.03198.x

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@article{Bernhardt2012AreSO, title={Are shoals of minnow Phoxinus phoxinus formed by close kin?}, author={Botond Bernhardt and Kathrin P. Lampert and Florian Leese and Carolina Mayer and Ralph Tollrian}, journal={Journal of fish biology}, year={2012}, volume={80 3}, pages={713-21} }