Are normal narcissists psychologically healthy?: self-esteem matters.

  title={Are normal narcissists psychologically healthy?: self-esteem matters.},
  author={Constantine Sedikides and Eric A. Rudich and Aiden P. Gregg and Madoka Kumashiro and C. Rusbult},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={87 3},
Five studies established that normal narcissism is correlated with good psychological health. Specifically, narcissism is (a) inversely related to daily sadness and dispositional depression, (b) inversely related to daily and dispositional loneliness, (c) positively related to daily and dispositional subjective well-being as well as couple well-being, (d) inversely related to daily anxiety, and (e) inversely related to dispositional neuroticism. More important, self-esteem fully accounted for… 

Tables from this paper

Clinical Correlates of Vulnerable and Grandiose Narcissism: A Personality Perspective.

A surprising link was found between grandiose narcissism and multiple indicators of inauthenticity, and implications for the appropriate conceptualization, assessment, and treatment of pathological narcissism are discussed.

Physiological and health-related correlates of the narcissistic personality

Narcissism is a personality trait that is characterized by excessively high self-esteem in combination with low empathy. Since the development of sound instruments to measure the narcissistic

Narcissism and self-esteem: A nomological network analysis

A broad comparison of the nomological networks of grandiose narcissism and explicit self-esteem is provided, which shows both constructs are positively related to agentic traits and assertive interpersonal approaches, but differ in relation to agreeableness/communion.

Parenting narcissus: what are the links between parenting and narcissism?

Parental warmth was associated positively and monitoring was associated negatively with both types of narcissism and psychological control was positively associated with narcissism scores from which trait self-esteem variance had been removed.

What Do Highly Narcissistic People Think and Feel about (Their) Intelligence?

The results indicate that the topic of intelligence is of key importance for people with high grandiose narcissism psychological functioning and it also has some relevance for individuals with high vulnerable narcissism.

Narcissism and well-being: A longitudinal perspective.

This study used a longitudinal design to examine both concurrent and prospective relations between narcissism and several indicators of well-being in a non-clinical population. Consistent with

The Relationship between the Dark Triad Traits and Subjective and Psychological Well-being among Iranian Students

Abstract Introduction: Narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism, collectively referred to as the Dark Triad, are sub-clinical personality traits that have been linked to a number of negative

Narcissism and Quality of Life: The Mediating Role of Relationship Patterns.

Clinicians working with narcissistic individuals should consider psychotherapies that promote mature relatedness and should attend to facilitating the quality of patients' relationships, to highlight the importance of problematic relationship patterns for the low quality of life associated with pathological narcissism.



Narcissistic Personality Inventory factors, splitting, and self-consciousness.

Narcissistic Personality Inventory factors and a narcissistic Superiority Scale were similarly affected by partialing, appearing healthier when controlling for "maladaptive" narcissism and more unhealthy when removing the more " adaptive" variance.

Narcissism, self-esteem, and defensive self-enhancement.

The results are consistent with several theories that postulate a two-component model for self-esteem regulation and personality development.

Social Interest, Loneliness, and Narcissism

The results suggest that narcissism does tend to go with deficient social interest, and the predicted relationship between narcissism and loneliness was nonsignificant, although in the expected direction.

Self and Interpersonal Correlates of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory: A Review and New Findings

Abstract The relation between the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI, Raskin & Hall, 1979) and conceptually relevant self and interpersonal variables was examined in three investigations. Based

Narcissism as Addiction to Esteem

Morf and Rhodewalt (this issue) provide a masterful summary of the research literature on narcissism. In their view, narcissists are highly motivated to gain the admiration of others, and their

Narcissism and Self-Evaluation Maintenance: Explorations in Object Relations

This study examined effects of threat to the sef on efforts to maintain a positive self-evaluation in individuals with varying levels of narcissism. Male students (N= 216) with varying levels of

Factor analysis and construct validity of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory.

Three studies are reported which provide evidence for the validity of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), and avenues for future research are suggested.

Narcissistic processes: optimistic expectations, favorable self-evaluations, and self-enhancing attributions.

Three studies investigated the relationship between narcissism (as measured by the Narcissistic Personality Inventory; Raskin & Hall, 1979) and three forms of self-enhancement and found narcissism was associated with optimistic expectations for own performance on a laboratory interdependence task and with attributions of a successful task outcome to own ability and effort, but it did not correlate with attribution to a partner's ability or effort.

On self-aggrandizement and anger: a temporal analysis of narcissism and affective reactions to success and failure.

A temporal sequence model linking self-attribution and emotion to narcissistic rage is discussed, and high-NPI participants tended to attribute initial success to ability, leading to more extreme anger responses and greater self-esteem reactivity to failure.

Narcissism, Self-Knowledge Organization, and Emotional Reactivity: The Effect of Daily Experiences on Self-Esteem and Affect

In two studies, participants preselected on their extreme scores on the Narcissistic Personality Inventory were assessed for self complexity and evaluative integration. Then, for 5 (Study 1) or 6