Are moral judgments unified?

@article{SinnottArmstrong2014AreMJ,
  title={Are moral judgments unified?},
  author={Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Thalia Wheatley},
  journal={Philosophical Psychology},
  year={2014},
  volume={27},
  pages={451 - 474}
}
Whenever psychologists, neuroscientists, or philosophers draw conclusions about moral judgments in general from a small selected sample, they assume that moral judgments are unified by some common and peculiar feature that enables generalizations and makes morality worthy of study as a unified field. We assess this assumption by considering the six main candidates for a unifying feature: content, phenomenology, force, form, function, and brain mechanisms. We conclude that moral judgment is not… Expand
Moving beyond dichotomies: Liao, S. Matthew (ed.), Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality, Oxford University Press, 2016
Matthew Liao’s edited collection Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality covers a wide range of issues in moral psychology. The collection should be of interest to philosophers, psychologist, andExpand
Moral judgment as a natural kind
In this essay I argue that moral judgment is a natural kind by developing an empirically grounded theory of the distinctive conceptual content of moral judgments. Psychological research on theExpand
Psychopathy and internalism
Abstract Do psychopaths make moral judgments but lack motivation? Or are psychopaths’ judgments are not genuinely moral? Both sides of this debate seem to assume either externalist or internalistExpand
Animal morality: What is the debate about?
Empirical studies of the social lives of non-human primates, cetaceans, and other social animals have prompted scientists and philosophers to debate the question of whether morality and moralExpand
Forthcoming in Biology and Philosophy Animal Morality : What is The Debate About ?
Empirical studies of the social lives of non-human primates, cetaceans, and other social animals have prompted scientists and philosophers to debate the question of whether morality and moralExpand
How Cognitive Neuroscience Informs a Subjectivist-Evolutionary Explanation of Business Ethics
Most theory in business ethics is still steeped in rationalist and moral-realist assumptions. However, some seminal neuroscientific studies point to the primacy of moral emotions and intuition inExpand
My Brain Made Me Moral: Moral Performance Enhancement for Realists
How should ethics help decide the morality of enhancing morality? The idea of morally enhancing the human brain quickly emerged when the promise of cognitive enhancement in general began to seemExpand
The Empirical Identity of Moral Judgment
I argue that moral judgement is a natural kind on the grounds that it plays a causal/explanatory role in psychological generalizations. I then develop an empirically grounded theory of its identityExpand
The Moral Foreign-Language Effect
Many have argued that moral judgment is driven by one of two types of processes. Rationalists argue that reasoned processes are the source of moral judgments, whereas sentimentalists argue thatExpand
Survival of Defeat : Evolution, Moral Objectivity, and Undercutting
Evidence from biology and psychology suggests that our moral views depend on our evolutionary history. To use an extreme example, if we humans would have evolved to live like hive bees, we wouldExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
The Disunity of Morality and Why it Matters to Philosophy
What can moral psychology and neuroscience contribute to moral philosophy? Descriptive sciences cannot directly entail normative conclusions, as Hume and Moore taught. Nonetheless, science stillExpand
Is Morality Unified? Evidence that Distinct Neural Systems Underlie Moral Judgments of Harm, Dishonesty, and Disgust
TLDR
It is found that the judgment of moral wrongness was subserved by distinct neural systems for each of the different moral areas and that these differences were much more robust than differences in wrongness judgments within a moral area. Expand
How (and where) does moral judgment work?
TLDR
Findings in psychology and cognitive neuroscience indicate the importance of affect, although they allow that reasoning can play a restricted but significant role in moral judgment, and point towards a preliminary account of the functional neuroanatomy of moral judgment. Expand
Evolution of morality
© Oxford University Press, 2013. This chapter examines whether morality really evolved, as many philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, and biologists claim. It distinguishes three possibleExpand
Is moral phenomenology unified?
In this short paper, I argue that the phenomenology of moral judgment is not unified across different areas of morality (involving harm, hierarchy, reciprocity, and impurity) or even across differentExpand
Universal moral grammar: theory, evidence and the future
  • John Mikhail
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2007
TLDR
A framework for universal moral grammar is outlined and some of the evidence that supports it is described, and a novel computational analysis of moral intuitions is proposed and it is argued that future research on this topic should draw more directly on legal theory. Expand
What Does the Modularity of Morals Have to Do With Ethics? Four Moral Sprouts Plus or Minus a Few
TLDR
The discussion of MMH reconnects cognitive science with normative ethics in a way that involves the reassertion of the "is-ought" problem and explains in a new way what this problem is and why it would not yield. Expand
The New Synthesis in Moral Psychology
TLDR
A fourth principle is proposed to guide future research: Morality is about more than harm and fairness, and more research is needed on the collective and religious parts of the moral domain, such as loyalty, authority, and spiritual purity. Expand
Reviving Rawls's linguistic analogy: Operative principles and the causal structure of moral actions
The thesis we develop in this essay is that all humans are endowed with a moral faculty. The moral faculty enables us to produce moral judgments on the basis of the causes and consequences ofExpand
Social Intuitionists Answer Six Questions About Morality
We review the state of the art in moral psychology to answer 6 questions: 1) Where do moral beliefs and motivations come from? 2) How does moral judgment work? 3) What is the evidence for the socialExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...