Are intensive parental alienation treatments effective and safe for children and adolescents?

  title={Are intensive parental alienation treatments effective and safe for children and adolescents?},
  author={Jean Mercer},
  journal={Journal of Child Custody},
  pages={113 - 67}
  • J. Mercer
  • Published 2019
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Child Custody
Abstract Strong claims have been made for the possibility of diagnostic discrimination between children who refuse contact with a nonpreferred divorced parent due to parental alienation (PA) created by the preferred parent and those who refuse for other reasons such as abuse. PA proponents have also argued that interventions, which include custody changes, can alter the alienated children’s attitudes and create positive behavior toward the nonpreferred parent. This article examines the… Expand
Examining Parental Alienation Treatments: Problems of Principles and Practices
  • J. Mercer
  • Psychology
  • Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal
  • 2019
When children of high-conflict divorced parents prefer one parent and resist or refuse visitation with the other parent, some authors have spoken of this situation as parental alienation (PA). PAExpand
Parental Alienation: In Search of Common Ground For a More Differentiated Theory
The concept of parental alienation (PA) has expanded in popular usage at the same time that it remains mired in controversy about its scientific integrity and its use as a legal strategy in responseExpand
Parental Alienation Syndrome (Focus on Management)
Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) is a process in which one parent (Aligned Parent) teaches his children to reject or antago- nize other parents (Rejected Parent) which results in disruption to theExpand
Risks and Realities of Working with Alienated Children
Involvement in custody cases that include accusations of parental alienation—whether as an evaluator, expert witness, lawyer, judge, therapist, provider of a specialized intervention, orExpand
When evaluators get it wrong: False positive IDs and parental alienation.
Allegations that a parent has manipulated a child to turn against the other parent raise complex issues challenging child custody evaluators, expert witnesses, and courts. A key issue relates toExpand
Professional responses to ‘parental alienation’: research-informed practice
ABSTRACT Parental alienation was historically a term rejected by courts in England and Wales, but lawyers and social workers have noted an increase in the incidence of its use, possibly driven byExpand
Misperceptions and misapplications of research in family law cases: Myths of “Parental Alienation Syndrome” and implanted false memories
Abstract This introduction highlights the need for a special issue in the Journal of Child Custody on the misconceptions and misapplications of research within the family law arena. First, anExpand
Responding to Severe Parent–Child Rejection Cases Without a Parentectomy: A Blended Sequential Intervention Model and the Role of the Courts
There have been significant developments over the past two decades that have expanded our understanding of the dynamics of parent–child contact problems post-separation, which have resulted in someExpand
Abusers gaining custody in family courts: A case series of over turned decisions
Abstract This article presents findings and recommendations based on an in-depth examination of records from 27 custody cases from across the United States. The goal of this case series was toExpand
Concepts, Controversies And Conundrums Of “Alienation:” Lessons Learned In A Decade And Reflections On Challenges Ahead
There have been significant advances in understandings and practice related parent–child contact problems (PCCPs), with a growing consensus about some issues and continuing controversy about others.Expand


This article describes an innovative educational and experiential program, Family Bridges: A Workshop for Troubled and Alienated Parent-Child RelationshipsTM, that draws on social science research toExpand
Parental Alienation Syndrome vs. Parental Alienation: Which Diagnosis Should Evaluators Use in Child-Custody Disputes?
Children who have been programmed by one parent to be alienated from the other parent are commonly seen in the context of child-custody disputes. Such programming is designed to strengthen theExpand
A Stepwise Approach to Evaluating Children for Parental Alienation Syndrome
ABSTRACT Parental alienation syndrome continues to be a term that is widely used in child custody conflicts but which is also controversial. Previous authors have defined the term but have notExpand
Recommended treatments for “parental alienation syndrome” (PAS) may cause children foreseeable and lasting psychological harm
ABSTRACT The coercive and punitive “therapies” recommended for children diagnosed with parental alienation constitute an ethical minefield and are especially inappropriate when used on children whoExpand
Child Custody Outcomes in Cases Involving Parental Alienation and Abuse Allegations
  • J. Meier
  • Psychology
  • SSRN Electronic Journal
  • 2019
Arguably the most troubling aspect of justice system response to intimate partner violence is custody courts' failure to protect children when mothers allege the father is abusive. Family courts'Expand
The Parental Alienation Syndrome, so named by Dr. Richard Gardner, is a distinctive family response to divorce in which the child becomes aligned with one parent and preoccupied with unjastified andExpand
Parental alignments and rejection: an empirical study of alienation in children of divorce.
  • J. Johnston
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2003
The findings indicate that children's attitudes toward their parents range from positive to negative, with relatively few being extremely aligned or rejecting. Expand
When courts accept what science rejects: Custody issues concerning the alleged “parental alienation syndrome”
ABSTRACT “Parental alienation syndrome” (PAS) is unscientific and is an affront to children, women who hold the custody of children of separated couples, science, human rights, and the justice systemExpand
This three-part article reviews the literature on the Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) as formulated by Dr. Richard Gardner and seeks to integrate his work with research on high conflict divorceExpand
Does DSM-IV Have Equivalents for the Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) Diagnosis?
Child custody evaluators commonly find themselves confronted with resistance when they attempt to use the term parental alienation syndrome (PAS) in courts of law. Although convinced that the patientExpand