Are gardens effective in butterfly conservation? A case study with the pipevine swallowtail, Battus philenor

@article{Levy2004AreGE,
  title={Are gardens effective in butterfly conservation? A case study with the pipevine swallowtail, Battus philenor},
  author={Jacqueline M. Levy and Edward F. Connor},
  journal={Journal of Insect Conservation},
  year={2004},
  volume={8},
  pages={323-330}
}
Gardens with nectar sources and larval host plants have been proposed to stem the decline in butterfly abundance caused by habitat loss. However, no study has provided evidence that gardens benefit butterflies. We examined the use of natural sites and gardens in the San Francisco bay area by the butterfly, Battus philenor. We found that natural sites were more likely to attract adult B. philenor, received more oviposition, and had higher juvenile survival than gardens sites. Butterflies were… CONTINUE READING
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