Are electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs) helping cigarette smokers quit? - A current evidence.

  title={Are electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs) helping cigarette smokers quit? - A current evidence.},
  author={Shankargouda Patil and Gururaj Arakeri and Shekar Gowda Patil and Hosam Ali Baeshen and Thirumal A Raj and Sachin Chakradhar Sarode and Gargi S Sarode and Kamran Habib Awan and Ricardo Santiago Gomez and Peter A. Brennan},
  journal={Journal of oral pathology \& medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology},
  • S. Patil, G. Arakeri, P. Brennan
  • Published 1 March 2020
  • Medicine
  • Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
BACKGROUND Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and other electronic vaping devices are commonly used as a method to help tobacco smoking cessation. However, the data on their safety and efficacy is currently scarce. The aim of this review was to explore the role of e-cigarettes in tobacco cessation among tobacco users. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and grey literature from January 1990 were searched up to and including September 2018. Two independent… 
Are electronic cigarettes and vaping effective tools for smoking cessation? Limited evidence on surgical outcomes: a narrative review.
Limited evidence is found suggesting that e-cigarettes and vaping are effective smoking cessation tools, and indeed may increase the propensity of dual smoking, contrary to e-cigarette advertisements.
E-Cigarettes—a review of the evidence—harm versus harm reduction
A shared decision-making approach should be used when discussing e-cigarettes as a harm reduction tool and more studies and long-term data are needed to assess potential benefits and harms.
Type of e-liquid vaped, poly-nicotine use and nicotine dependence symptoms in young adult e-cigarette users: a descriptive study
Most e-cigarette users used multiple nicotine-containing substances (including combustible cigarettes) which were associated with reports of ND symptoms, and e-cigarettes now appear to appeal to a broader market than smokers who want to quit.
The E-cigarette ban in India- A step in the right direction?
  • Vishal Rao U S, G. Arakeri, P. Brennan
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • 2020
The role of e-cigarette to help stop smoking tobacco cessation is evaluated and the factors that have facilitated the ban on e-cigarettes in India are considered.
Health problem resulting from the use of e - cigarettes
Vaping carries the risk of thermal injury and chemical burns caused by damage of the device, it leads to an increase in the number of vaping- addicted youth, and can also cause shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, hemoptysis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, chills, weight loss, fatigue and fever in users.
E-Cigarette Use among Current Smokers Experiencing Homelessness
Patterns of e-cigarette use, including the number of times used per day, duration of use during the day, manner of use and nicotine concentration were not associated with past-year cigarette quit attempts among current smokers experiencing homelessness.
A qualitative analysis of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) uptake and use among young adult never-smokers in New Zealand
ENDS uptake by young adult never-smokers is driven by both psycho-social and functional factors, and policies that denormalise ENDS as recreational devices could discourage uptake by never-Smoking young adults.
Neurotoxicity of e-cigarettes.
E-Cigarette Use and Perceptions Among Veterans Receiving Outpatient Treatment in Veterans Affairs Substance Use and Mental Health Clinics.
Risk perceptions and attitudes toward e-cigarettes in military Veterans with MH conditions are investigated and more consistent assessment of tobacco use among Veterans, with inclusion of ENDS use, would help inform prevention and treatment priorities.


Electronic Cigarettes Efficacy and Safety at 12 Months: Cohort Study
If e-cigarette safety will be confirmed, however, the use of e-cigarettes alone may facilitate quitters remaining so, although e-smokers showed a minimal but significantly higher increase in self-rated health than other smokers.
Electronic cigarettes: patterns of use, health effects, use in smoking cessation and regulatory issues
E-cigarettes may have some potential as smoking cessation aids and, in the researchers’ view, should therefore be subject to further research and regulation similar to other nicotine replacement therapies.
A longitudinal analysis of electronic cigarette use and smoking cessation.
A longitudinal analysis of a national sample of current US smokers to determine whether e-cigarettes use predicted successful quitting, or reduced cigarette consumption, found that e-cigarette users were less likely to have quit at 7 months than non-users.
A longitudinal study of electronic cigarette use among a population-based sample of adult smokers: association with smoking cessation and motivation to quit.
  • L. Biener, J. L. Hargraves
  • Medicine
    Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • 2015
Daily use of electronic cigarettes for at least 1 month is strongly associated with quitting smoking at follow-up, and the underlying reasons for intensive versus intermittent use are investigated to shed light on the mechanisms underlying the associations between e-cigarette use, motivation to quit, and smoking cessation.
E-cigarette use and smoking reduction or cessation in the 2010/2011 TUS-CPS longitudinal cohort
Among early adopters, ever-use of first generation e-cigarettes to aid quitting cigarette smoking was not associated with improved cessation or with reduced consumption, even among heavier smokers.
E-Cigarettes and Smoking Cessation: Insights and Cautions From a Secondary Analysis of Data From a Study of Online Treatment-Seeking Smokers.
The magnitude and significance of the estimated association between e-cigarette use and cessation in this study were dependent upon the analytical approach and future research should employ better measures of patterns of and reasons for e- cigarette use, frequency of e-cigarettes use, and concurrent use of cessation aids.
E-cigarette and Traditional Cigarette Use Among Smokers During Hospitalization and 6 Months Later
Among adult smokers, current e-cig use at hospitalization was associated with higher cigarette consumption at baseline but was not predictive of quitting or consumption (among continuing smokers) at 6-months follow-up.
Use of E-Cigarettes Among Current Smokers: Associations Among Reasons for Use, Quit Intentions, and Current Tobacco Use.
Nearly a quarter of smokers in this study reported e-cigarettes use, primarily motivated by intentions to quit or reduce smoking, which identifies a clinical and public health opportunity to re-engage smokers in cessation efforts.
Use of electronic cigarettes among state tobacco cessation quitline callers.
This study offers a preliminary look at e-cigarette use among state quitline callers and is perhaps the first to describe e-cigarettes use in a large group of tobacco users seeking treatment.