Are dogs sensitive to the emotional state of humans

  title={Are dogs sensitive to the emotional state of humans},
  author={Ayako Morisaki and Akiko Takaoka and Kazuo Fujita},
  journal={Journal of Veterinary Behavior-clinical Applications and Research},

The Way Dogs (Canis familiaris) Look at Human Emotional Faces Is Modulated by Oxytocin. An Eye-Tracking Study

It was found that dogs discriminated between human facial regions in their spontaneous viewing pattern and looked most to the eye region independently of facial expression, providing the first evidence that oxytocin is involved in the regulation of human face processing in dogs.

Timmy’s in the well: Empathy and prosocial helping in dogs

Results from the impossible task suggest that openers in the distress condition may have a stronger bond with their owner than non-openers, while non-opens in the control condition showed a stronger bonded than openers, which may further suggest that the trapped-other paradigm is reflective of empathy.

Smile at Me! Dogs Activate The Temporal Cortex Towards Smiling Human Faces

The brain correlates of perception of happy human faces in dogs are described by using functional magnetic resonance imaging to suggest that perception ofhappy human faces plays a significant role in the attachment between dogs and humans.

Perception of dynamic facial expressions of emotion between dogs and humans

This is the first inter-species eye-tracking study on fully unrestrained participants and without pre-experiment training to maintain attention to stimuli, to compare how two different species living in the same ecological niche, humans and dogs, perceive each other’s facial expressions of emotion.

Dogs can discriminate human smiling faces from blank expressions

Although it remains unclear whether dogs have human-like systems for visual processing of human facial expressions, the ability to learn to discriminate human faces may have helped dogs adapt to human society.

Does affective information influence domestic dogs’ (Canis lupus familiaris) point-following behavior?

  • R. FlomPeggy Gartman
  • Psychology, Biology
    Animal Cognition
  • 2015
The results suggest that the addition of affective information does not significantly increase or decrease dogs’ point-following behavior and the presence or absence of reward affects whether they will follow an unfamiliar adult’s attention-directing gesture.

Dogs’ comprehension of referential emotional expressions: familiar people and familiar emotions are easier

Results suggest that dogs have learned to associate their owners’ positive emotional messages to positive outcomes, and hence use their communicative messages to guide their actions.

A shoulder to cry on: Heart rate variability and empathetic behavioral responses to crying and laughing in dogs.

It is suggested that dogs that experience more distress, through emotional contagion, are more likely to show person-oriented behaviours toward the distressed stranger, indicating a possible mechanism for empathy-like behaviours.



Making inferences about the location of hidden food: social dog, causal ape.

The overall pattern of performance by the 2 genera strongly supported this social-dog, causal-ape hypothesis, and was discussed in terms of apes' adaptations for complex, extractive foraging and dogs' adaptations, during the domestication process, for cooperative communication with humans.

Humans Have Evolved Specialized Skills of Social Cognition: The Cultural Intelligence Hypothesis

Supporting the cultural intelligence hypothesis and contradicting the hypothesis that humans simply have more “general intelligence,” it is found that the children and chimpanzees had very similar cognitive skills for dealing with the physical world but that theChildren had more sophisticated cognitive skills than either of the ape species for dealingWith the social world.