Are dispersal-dependent behavioral traits produced by phenotypic plasticity?

  title={Are dispersal-dependent behavioral traits produced by phenotypic plasticity?},
  author={Sandrine Meylan and Mich{\`e}le de Fraipont and Pedro Luis Aragon and Elodie Vercken and Jean Clobert},
  journal={Journal of experimental zoology. Part A, Ecological genetics and physiology},
  volume={311 5},
Dispersal is a common response to deteriorating conditions such as intense competition, food limitation, predation or parasitism. Although it provides obvious advantages, dispersal is often assumed to be costly. Selection is therefore likely to have acted to decrease these costs, and indeed several studies demonstrated that dispersers and philopatric individuals differ in their morphology, physiology and/or behavior. Using the common lizard (Lacerta vivipara) as our model system, we examined… CONTINUE READING

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