Are ant-aphid associations a tritrophic interaction? Oleander aphids and Argentine ants

  title={Are ant-aphid associations a tritrophic interaction? Oleander aphids and Argentine ants},
  author={C. M. Bristow},
  • C. M. Bristow
  • Published 2004
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Oecologia
  • SummaryOleander aphids, (Aphis nerii), which are sporadically tended by ants, were used as a moded system to examine whether host plant factors associated with feeding site influenced the formation of ant-aphid associations. Seasonal patterns of host plant utilization and association with attendant ants were examined through bi-weekly censuses of the aphid population feeding on thirty ornamental oleander plands (Nerium oleander) in northern California in 1985 and 1986. Colonies occurred on both… CONTINUE READING
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