Are all sex chromosomes created equal?

@article{Bachtrog2011AreAS,
  title={Are all sex chromosomes created equal?},
  author={Doris Bachtrog and Mark Kirkpatrick and Judith E. Mank and Stuart F Mcdaniel and J Chris Pires and William Y Rice and Nicole Valenzuela},
  journal={Trends in genetics : TIG},
  year={2011},
  volume={27 9},
  pages={350-7}
}
Three principal types of chromosomal sex determination are found in nature: male heterogamety (XY systems, as in mammals), female heterogamety (ZW systems, as in birds), and haploid phase determination (UV systems, as in some algae and bryophytes). Although these systems share many common features, there are important biological differences between them that have broad evolutionary and genomic implications. Here we combine theoretical predictions with empirical observations to discuss how… CONTINUE READING

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Hyperexpression of the X chromosome in both sexes results in extensive female bias of X-linked genes in the flour beetle

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