Are Species Really Individuals

@article{Hull1976AreSR,
  title={Are Species Really Individuals},
  author={David L. Hull},
  journal={Systematic Biology},
  year={1976},
  volume={25},
  pages={174-191}
}
  • D. Hull
  • Published 1 June 1976
  • Philosophy
  • Systematic Biology
Hull, David L. (Department of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201) 1976. Are species really individuals? Syst. Zool. 25:174-191.The processes which contribute to the evolution of biological species take place at a variety of levels of organization; e.g., genes give rise to other genes, organisms give rise to other organisms, and species give rise to other species. All of these processes require continuity through descent. If species are to be units of… 

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  • D. Baum
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Systematic biology
  • 1998
Although species individuality requires significant changes to systematic practice and challenges some preconceptions about the ontology of species, it provides the only sound basis for asserting that species exist independently of human perception.

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References

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Hull (1974) has lately endorsed the idea that, from the point of view of evolutionary theory, biological species and monophyletic taxa are individuals, and Mayr (1969a), while not going so far, strongly emphasizes the point that species are more than just nominal classes.

THE UNITS OF SELECTION

The principle of natural selection as the motive force for evolution was framed by Darwin in terms of a "struggle for existence" on the part of organisms living in a finite and risky environment. The

PROFESSOR HULL AND THE EVOLUTION OF SCIENCE

  • L. Cohen
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 1974
and/or difference does play a role, just as IQ tests help in discovering how bright children are, but I take it to be a commonplace among philosophers that such methods of discernment do not define

THE EFFECT OF ESSENTIALISM ON TAXONOMY—TWO THOUSAND YEARS OF STASIS (I) *

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  • Biology
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 1965
The development of thought since Aristotle could be summed up by saying that every discipline as long as it used the Aristotelian method of definition has remained arrested in a state of empty verbiage and barren scholasticism.

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In consequence of the distinction between systematization and classification it is concluded that, while taxa may be classified into age classes or evolutionary grades, their limits as taxa (systematic units) can be no different in either case.

Central Subjects and Historical Narratives

At first glance, the changes in contemporary philosophy of science necessary to accommodate the intuitions of historians about historiography are as great as those required in Aristotelian science by

Philosophical Problems of Space and Time

I. Philosophical Problems of the Metric of Space and Time.- 1. Spatial and Temporal Congruence in Physics: A Critical Comparison of the Conceptions of Newton, Riemann, Poincare, Eddington, Bridgman,

Cellular Slime Molds

The cellular slime molds are designated as the order Acrasiales within the phylum Myxomycophyta. Although several genera and many species have been described, the bulk of current investigations have

Principles of Animal Taxonomy

Theciples of Animal Taxation, by Prof. George Gaylord Simpson, is a treatise on animal taxation published in 1961.

The Cellular Slime Molds