Are Large, Infrequent Disturbances Qualitatively Different from Small, Frequent Disturbances?

@article{Romme1998AreLI,
  title={Are Large, Infrequent Disturbances Qualitatively Different from Small, Frequent Disturbances?},
  author={William H. Romme and Edwin H. Everham and Lee E. Frelich and Max A. Moritz and Richard E. Sparks},
  journal={Ecosystems},
  year={1998},
  volume={1},
  pages={524-534}
}
ABSTRACT In this article, we develop a heuristic model of ecosystem-disturbance dynamics that illustrates a range of responses of disturbance impact to gradients of increasing disturbance extent, intensity, or duration. Three general kinds of response are identified and illustrated: (a) threshold response, (b) scale-independent response, and (c) continuous response. Threshold responses are those in which the response curve shows a discontinuity or a sudden change in slope along the axis of… 
Factors Influencing Succession: Lessons from Large, Infrequent Natural Disturbances
TLDR
Abundance and spatial arrangement of survivors and arrival patterns of propagules may be the pivotal factors determining how succession differs between intense disturbances of large and small extent.
LARGE , INFREQUENT DISTURBANCES Comparing Large , Infrequent Disturbances : What Have We Learned ?
The importance of natural disturbances in shaping landscapes and influencing ecosystems is now well recognized in ecology. Disturbances span a broad range of sizes and frequencies, and while
Comparing Large, Infrequent Disturbances: What Have We Learned?
The importance of natural disturbances in shapinglandscapes and influencing ecosystems is now wellrecognized in ecology. Disturbances span a broadrange of sizes and frequencies, and while
Intermediate disturbance and patterns of species richness
Abstract The intermediate disturbance hypothesis (IDH) predicts highest species diversity in environments experiencing intermediate intensity disturbance, after an intermediate timespan. Because many
Disturbance interactions can impact resilience mechanisms of forests
Interactions between multiple disturbances are of special concern in ecology due to their potential for non-linear behavior and long-lasting legacies on landscape structure and function. If multiple
Ecosystem Management in the Context of Large, Infrequent Disturbances
ABSTRACT Large, infrequent disturbances (LIDs) can have significant impacts yet seldom are included in management plans. Although this neglect may stem from relative unfamiliarity with a kind of
Landscape Disturbance Dynamics
Disturbances are integral to ecological systems and affect landscapes across a wide range of scales. The causes of disturbance, the patterns and dynamics they produce, their ecological consequences
Disturbance Ecology in the Anthropocene
With the accumulating evidence of changing disturbance regimes becoming increasingly obvious, there is potential for disturbance ecology to become the most valuable lens through which climate-related
Disturbance dyna ~ nics of forested ecosystems
Forested ecosystems are dynamic, subject to natural developmental processes as well as natural and anthropogenic stresses and disturbances. Degradation is a related term. for lowered productive
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 76 REFERENCES
Factors Influencing Succession: Lessons from Large, Infrequent Natural Disturbances
TLDR
Abundance and spatial arrangement of survivors and arrival patterns of propagules may be the pivotal factors determining how succession differs between intense disturbances of large and small extent.
Compounded Perturbations Yield Ecological Surprises
ABSTRACT All species have evolved in the presence of disturbance, and thus are in a sense matched to the recurrence pattern of the perturbations. Consequently, disturbances within the typical range,
Ecosystem Management in the Context of Large, Infrequent Disturbances
ABSTRACT Large, infrequent disturbances (LIDs) can have significant impacts yet seldom are included in management plans. Although this neglect may stem from relative unfamiliarity with a kind of
Landscape Patterns and Legacies Resulting from Large, Infrequent Forest Disturbances
ABSTRACT We review and compare well-studied examples of five large, infrequent disturbances (LIDs)—fire, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, and floods—in terms of the physical processes
Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems
TLDR
The traditional view of natural systems, therefore, might well be less a meaningful reality than a perceptual convenience.
ANALYZING EXTREME DISTURBANCE EVENTS: FIRE IN LOS PADRES NATIONAL FOREST
Extreme disturbance events may strongly influence the structure and functioning of many ecosystems, particularly those in which large, infrequent events are the defining forces within the region.
The Role of Disturbance in Natural Communities
TLDR
For many communities, a self-reproducing climax state may only exist as an average condition on a relatively large spatial scale, and even that has yet to be rigorously demonstrated.
Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Disturbance and Recovery in a Kelp Forest Community
This paper addresses questions of community and patch stability as defined by the population biology of dominant plants in the context of different areas within a large kelp forest. We ask (1) "Do
Predicting Physical Disturbance: Mechanistic Approaches to the Study of Survivorship on Wave‐Swept Shores
TLDR
A quantitative measure of wave exposure is presented, a mechanistic link between local wave climate and species-specific survivorship that can be used as a tool for exploring the relationship between environmental severity and community ecology.
The Role of Disturbance in the Gap Dynamics of a Montane Rain Forest: An Application of a Tropical Forest Succession Model
Most discussions of forest disturbances have focused on large-scale phenomena (e.g., fire, volcanic eruptions) and man-induced changes (e.g., abandoned fields, cleared forest lands). Increasing
...
...