Are Americans Ambivalent Towards Racial Policies

  title={Are Americans Ambivalent Towards Racial Policies},
  author={R. Michael Alvarez and John M. Brehm},
  journal={American Journal of Political Science},
Few debates, political or academic, are as conflictual as those over racial policy. In this paper, we explore the possibility that individual attitudes are internally conflictual through the use of inferential statistical techniques that estimate variability in individual respondents' considerations about racial policy. We consider six separate core beliefs potentially relevant towards racial policy choice (modern racism, anti-black stereotyping, authoritarianism, individualism, and anti… 

Tables from this paper

Prejudice, politics, and public opinion : Understanding the sources of racial policy attitudes
This review examines the intersection of prejudice, politics, and public opinion. It focuses specifically on research that seeks to understand the sources of attitudes toward policies intended to
Dissonance Persists
Attitudes toward race and politics continue to show tensions between antiracist norms and racist stereotypes, even among new generations of White Americans raised in an era of consensus on antiracist
▪ Abstract The study of race and U.S. politics has always been controversial in the discipline. Theory and evidence are often ignored or misconstrued. Furthermore, literatures that examine the impact
The Revolution against Affirmative Action in California: Racism, Economics, and Proposition 209
In 1996, California voters approved Proposition 209, which banned the use of affirmative action in state hiring, contracting, and public university admissions. We know that white voters favored
The Mass Media and the Dynamics of American Racial Attitudes: Media Framing and the Dynamics of Racial Policy Preferences
Why are there liberal and conservative eras in Americans' policy preferences about race? In answering this question, I first develop a time-series measure of aggregate racial policy preferences by
Racial Discrimination, Fear of Crime, and Variability in Blacks’ Preferences for Punitive and Preventative Anti-crime Policies
A growing body of research recognizes that people’s policy opinions are not simply positive or negative, but instead derive from a variety of positive and negative beliefs related to a political
The Increasing Racialization of American Electoral Politics, 1988-2016
In this article, we examine the relationship between racial resentment and a host of political attitudes, predispositions, and behaviors across 28 years and 7 presidential elections. We find,
Racial Resentment and White Opposition to Race‐Conscious Programs: Principles or Prejudice?
White racial resentment is associated with opposition to a broad range of racial policies but it is unclear whether it derives from racial prejudice or stems from ideological principles. To resolve
Individualism and Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action: Evidence From Priming Experiments
Theorists have argued that Americans' ambivalence toward affirmative action policies is fueled by a notion of justice that champions the rights of individuals. This conception of justice is not
The Behavioral Implications of Ambivalence
This paper examines the effect of ambivalence towards climate change issues and the relationship to individual political and non-political behaviors. Previous studies of ambivalence have focused


Prejudice and Politics: Symbolic Racism Versus Racial Threats to the Good Life
Although theories of prejudice have been extensively catalogued, empirical confrontations between competing theories are surprisingly rare. The primary goal of the present research was to test two
American Ambivalence Towards Abortion Policy: Development of a Heteroskedastic Probit Model of Competing Values
Theory: Using elaboration-likelihood models and insights from the recent core beliefs literature, we show that conflicting core beliefs lead to ambivalence about policy choices. Hypotheses: Policy
The Continuing American Dilemma: White Resistance to Racial Change 40 Years After Myrdal
In the wake of dramatic changes in public opinion and social custom over the past 40 years, why do many white Americans continue to oppose efforts to bring about racial equality? One possible
Symbolic Racism: Problems of Motive Attribution in Political Analysis
Research on symbolic racism attempts to identify the underlying psychological sources of public resistance to policies designed to promote racial equality. This research program has been built on the
Mimicking Political Debate with Survey Questions: The Case of White Opinion on Affirmative Action for Blacks
By examining the alterations in opinion induced by alterations in question wording that mimic the ongoing debate among elites, it becomes possible to learn how changes in public opinion can be
Uncertainty and Political Perceptions
While the world of politics is uncertain, previous work, both theoretical and empirical, has largely failed to incorporate this uncertainty into the analysis of public opinion and electoral behavior.
The scar of race
Introduction 1. The Variety Of Racial Politics 2. Pictures In The Mind 3. Covert Racism And Double Standards 4. Prejudice And Politics 5. Three Agendas 6. Changing Minds About Race Conclusion:
Abortion and American politics
The complex interplay between interest groups the states the courts Congress and the president and executive branch in shaping US abortion policy during 1973-92 is illustrated without advocacy of one
Eschewing Obfuscation? Campaigns and the Perception of U.S. Senate Incumbents
Campaigns play a central role in a democracy. I examine the effect of campaigns on the perception of the ideological positions of incumbent senators. The results demon- strate that incumbents affect