Ardipithecus ramidus and the Paleobiology of Early Hominids

@article{White2009ArdipithecusRA,
  title={Ardipithecus ramidus and the Paleobiology of Early Hominids},
  author={Tim D. White and Berhane Abrha Asfaw and Yonas Beyene and Yohannes Haile-Selassie and C. Owen Lovejoy and Gen Suwa and Giday Woldegabriel},
  journal={Science},
  year={2009},
  volume={326},
  pages={64 - 86}
}
Hominid fossils predating the emergence of Australopithecus have been sparse and fragmentary. [...] Key Result More than 110 specimens recovered from 4.4-million-year-old sediments include a partial skeleton with much of the skull, hands, feet, limbs, and pelvis. This hominid combined arboreal palmigrade clambering and careful climbing with a form of terrestrial bipedality more primitive than that of Australopithecus. Ar.Expand
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Ardipithecus ramidus postcrania from the Gona Project area, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia.
Functional analyses of the 4.4 Ma hominin Ardipithecus ramidus postcrania revealed a previously unknown and unpredicted locomotor pattern combining arboreal clambering and a form of terrestrialExpand
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The Evolutionary History of the Australopiths
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  • Evolution: Education and Outreach
  • 2010
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The australopiths were diverse, geographically widespread, and anatomically derived, they lived through periods of pronounced climate change, and their story dominates the narrative of human evolution for millions of years. Expand
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A proposed adaptive suite for the emergence of Ardipithecus from the last common ancestor that the authors shared with chimpanzees accounts for these principal ape/human differences, as well as the marked demographic success and cognitive efflorescence of later Plio-Pleistocene hominids. Expand
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Evidence from Ardipithecus ramidus now suggests that the last common ancestor lacked the hand, foot, pelvic, vertebral, and limb structures and proportions specialized for suspension, vertical climbing, and knuckle-walking among extant African apes. Expand
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