Corpus ID: 29454057

Arctium Lappa L. (Asteraceae); a New Invasive Highly Specific Medicinal Plant Growing in Egypt

  title={Arctium Lappa L. (Asteraceae); a New Invasive Highly Specific Medicinal Plant Growing in Egypt},
  author={S. Salama},
This paper describes the botanical features of Arctium lappa L. (burdock, Asteraceae), its wide diversity of chemical constituents, its use in traditional medicine as remedies for numerous health problems and its biological activities. The plant has been used traditionally as anticancer, antimicrobial and antiviral, antiallergic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antioxidant, cardiovascular, cytotoxic, bronchorelaxant, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and a detoxifying… Expand
Therapeutic Use of Some Romanian Medicinal Plants
Romanian traditional medicine has an extremely old history. The Dacian knowledge of the curative properties of medicinal plants was documented by Herodotus, Hippocrates, Galen, and Dioscorides. ItExpand
Yield and morphological characteristics of Burdock (Arctium lappa L.) in response to mineral fertilizer application
A factorial experiment was conducted on Takinogawa long cultivar to achieve consistent supply of quality products and eliminate batch-to-batch variability of plant materials, and two treatments significantly outperformed the other treatments. Expand


A review of the pharmacological effects of Arctium lappa (burdock)
In the root, the active ingredients have been found to “detoxify” blood in terms of TCM and promote blood circulation to the skin surface, improving the skin quality/ texture and curing skin diseases like eczema. Expand
Antioxidative and in vitro antiproliferative activity of Arctium lappa root extracts
The hydroethanolic extracts exhibited the strongest free radical scavenging activity, while the highest phenolic content was observed in Soxhlet extraction, and the dichloromethane extracts showed selective antiproliferative activity against human cancer cell lines. Expand
Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of a medicinal tincture from Pedilanthus tithymaloides.
Pertaining to the anti-inflammatory activity, the intraperitoneal administration of the tincture inhibited carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema, whereas in the scavenging assays the tarkure showed to be effective against all the assayed ROS and RNS. Expand
Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of butyrolactone lignans from Arctium lappa on leukemic cells.
In the course of screening for pharmacologically active substances from extracts of crude drugs used traditionally in Sino-Japanese herbal medicines, it was found that the 70 % ethanol extract fromExpand
Antiviral activity of Plantago major extracts and related compounds in vitro.
Pure compounds of P. major, which possess antiviral activities are mainly derived from the phenolic compounds, especially caffeic acid, which was found to be at multiplication stages against HSV-2 and ADV-3, suggesting the potential use of this compound for treatment of the infection by these two viruses. Expand
In vitro anti-inflammatory effects of arctigenin, a lignan from Arctium lappa L., through inhibition on iNOS pathway.
Arctigenin suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated NO production and pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion, including TNF-alpha and IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner and might constitute the anti-inflammatory mechanism of arctigenIn. Expand
Gastroprotective activity of the chloroform extract of the roots from Arctium lappa L.
The results show that the CE protects animals from gastric lesions by reducing gastric acid secretion via inhibition of gastric H+, K+‐ATPase. Expand
Metabolic profile of the bioactive compounds of burdock (Arctium lappa) seeds, roots and leaves.
The bioactive metabolic profile, the antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of burdock (Arctium lappa) seeds, leaves and roots were obtained and the occurrence of some phenolic acids in burdock seeds; arctiin, luteolin and quercetin rhamnoside in burdenside roots was reported for the first time. Expand
A biologically active fructan from the roots of Arctium lappa L., var. Herkules.
In tests for antitussive activity in cats the fructan was found to be equally active as some non-narcotic, synthetic preparations used in clinical practice to treat coughing, and in mitogenic and comitogenic tests its biological response was comparable to that of the commercial Zymosan immunomodulator. Expand
In Vitro and In Vivo Anti-Allergic Effects of Arctium lappa L.
The active component present in the active HPLC fraction of the AL extract was able to significantly reduce the release of inflammatory mediators through inhibition of degranulation and cys-leukotriene release in vitro, indicating that AL is a very promising natural component for use in anti-allergic treatment. Expand