Arctic sea ice in transformation: A review of recent observed changes and impacts on biology and human activity

@article{Meier2014ArcticSI,
  title={Arctic sea ice in transformation: A review of recent observed changes and impacts on biology and human activity},
  author={Walter N. Meier and Greta K. Hovelsrud and Bob van Oort and Jeffrey R. Key and Kit M. Kovacs and Christine Michel and Christian Haas and Mats Anders Granskog and Sebastian Gerland and Donald K. Perovich and Alexander Makshtas and James D. Reist},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
  year={2014},
  volume={52},
  pages={185-217}
}
Sea ice in the Arctic is one of the most rapidly changing components of the global climate system. Over the past few decades, summer areal extent has declined over 30%, and all months show statistically significant declining trends. New satellite missions and techniques have greatly expanded information on sea ice thickness, but many uncertainties remain in the satellite data and long-term records are sparse. However, thickness observations and other satellite-derived data indicate a 40… Expand
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