Architecture and the four encounters with complexity

@article{Bachman2008ArchitectureAT,
  title={Architecture and the four encounters with complexity},
  author={Leonard R. Bachman},
  journal={Architectural Engineering and Design Management},
  year={2008},
  volume={4},
  pages={15 - 30}
}
  • L. Bachman
  • Published 1 January 2008
  • Art
  • Architectural Engineering and Design Management
Abstract In the surge of scientific revelations concerning chaos, cybernetics and systems theory since the Second World War, architecture has been drawn into several encounters with dynamic complexity. Architects have often danced with this complexity, but there has never been a full embrace—the encounters only amounting to skirmishes between two radically different perspectives. Increasingly however, these two histories of design and science are convergent, drawn together by forces of post… 

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