Archeology and domestication in American Phaseolus (Beans)

@article{Kaplan2008ArcheologyAD,
  title={Archeology and domestication in American Phaseolus (Beans)},
  author={Lawrence Kaplan},
  journal={Economic Botany},
  year={2008},
  volume={19},
  pages={358-368}
}
  • L. Kaplan
  • Published 1 October 1965
  • Biology
  • Economic Botany
SummaryThe systematic and economic botany of American beans is discussed. Four species have been important food plants the main dietary role of which has been as a complementary ammo acid source in combination with corn. Beans were prominent among agricultural products cited in tribute lists in pre-Hispanic times.Some important morphological features distinguishing the domesticates from the wild species are: increase in seed size; decrease in impermeability of seeds to water intake; reduction… 
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Variability in Andeannuña common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)
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Most of the variation in the snap or stringless bean appears to be of relatively recent origin; it was greatest among cultivars from China, Europe, and the United States.
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Evidence from comparative morphology, geographic distribution, ecology, genetic relationship, and archeologic history all indicate the wild vines are progenitors of the common American bean.
Evolution and evolutionary problems in food legumes
  • J. Smartt
  • Environmental Science
    Economic Botany
  • 2008
TLDR
C crop evolutionary studies are in the first place to find, if possible, a wild counterpart of the cultivated plant, to determine the nature of the changes which have occurred under domestication and elucidate their genetic control where practicable.
Races of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)
TLDR
Multivariate statistical analyses of morphological, agronomic, and molecular data, as well as other available information on Latin American landraces representing various geographical and ecological regions of their primary centers of domestications in the Americas, reveal the existence of two major groups of germplasm: Middle American and Andean South American, which could be further divided into six races.
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