Archeology and domestication in American Phaseolus (Beans)

  title={Archeology and domestication in American Phaseolus (Beans)},
  author={Lawrence Kaplan},
  journal={Economic Botany},
  • L. Kaplan
  • Published 1 October 1965
  • Biology
  • Economic Botany
SummaryThe systematic and economic botany of American beans is discussed. Four species have been important food plants the main dietary role of which has been as a complementary ammo acid source in combination with corn. Beans were prominent among agricultural products cited in tribute lists in pre-Hispanic times.Some important morphological features distinguishing the domesticates from the wild species are: increase in seed size; decrease in impermeability of seeds to water intake; reduction… 
Phaseolus (Fabaceae) in Archaeology: AMS
Beans of several species were domesticated in tropical America thousands of years ago, to be combined with maize and other crops in highly successful New World agricultural systems. Radiocarbon dates
Biochemical evidence bearing on the domestication ofPhaseolus (Fabaceae) beans
The findings suggest the need for additional emphasis on genetic conservation of wild ancestors and their use in breeding programs and for a comparison of inter- gene pool vs. intra-gene pool crosses inbreeding programs.
Wild Beans (Phaseolus L.) of North America
The wild relatives of the five domesticated species of bean (Phaseolus L.) are widely distributed across the tropics and subtropics of the New World, with taxa extending from the Canadian border to
Evidence for two gene pools of the Lima bean,Phaseolus lunatus L., in the Americas
Electrophoretic analyses showed that domestication led to a reduction of genetic diversity in the small-seeded, Mesoamerican group, but not in the large-SEeded group, which may be due to insufficient sampling of the larger-seeding, wild germplasm.
Variability in Andeannuña common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)
The possibility that nuñas resulted from an early and widely applied selection pressure during bean domestication in the Andes is discussed, which would imply a presence pre-Hispánica in that zone during pre-Hispanic times.
Your Beans of the Last Harvest and the Possible Adoption of Bright Ideas
The bright idea by Amerindians was to combine maize and beans into a performant agronomic and nutritional association that diffused so widely in pre-Columbian America and set the basis for the many brilliant civilizations they left us.
Patterns of variation in cultivated common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)
Most of the variation in the snap or stringless bean appears to be of relatively recent origin; it was greatest among cultivars from China, Europe, and the United States.
Origin of the common bean,Phaseolus vulgaris
Evidence from comparative morphology, geographic distribution, ecology, genetic relationship, and archeologic history all indicate the wild vines are progenitors of the common American bean.
Evolution and evolutionary problems in food legumes
  • J. Smartt
  • Environmental Science
    Economic Botany
  • 2008
C crop evolutionary studies are in the first place to find, if possible, a wild counterpart of the cultivated plant, to determine the nature of the changes which have occurred under domestication and elucidate their genetic control where practicable.
Races of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)
Multivariate statistical analyses of morphological, agronomic, and molecular data, as well as other available information on Latin American landraces representing various geographical and ecological regions of their primary centers of domestications in the Americas, reveal the existence of two major groups of germplasm: Middle American and Andean South American, which could be further divided into six races.


Plant Material from a Cave on the Rio Zape, Durango, Mexico
Abstract Plant remains from La Cueva de los Muertos Chiquitos consist mostly of cultivated plants, beans, corn, and cucurbits. The inhabitants also gathered acorns, pinon nuts, black walnuts, and
Origin, dispersal, and variability of the lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus
Abstract does not appear. First page follows. Origin and Dispersal Columbus on his first voyage of discovery found beans under intensive cultivation by the Indians in Cuba. Other early Spanish
History and Distribution of the Cultivated Cucurbits in the Americas
Abstract All species of Cucurbita (which includes squashes, pumpkins, and the common, small, yellow-flowered gourds) are native to the Americas. Their center of origin lies in Mexico where most of
Seed proteins and world food problems
ing food protein from the general problem and treating it separately comes in part from the fact that more often the protein problem is the more critical one and because from a scientific and
Domestication of Corn.
In the article "Domestication of corn" by P. C. Mangelsdorf, R. S. MacNeish, and W. Galinat, two typographical errors occur.
Sons of the Shaking Earth
"Wolf drew on anthropology, archaeology, history, and geography to mold a magnificent, sweeping, and beautifully written synthesis. With style and deep personal engagement he unraveled the complexity
The Maillard reaction.
  • G. P. Ellis
  • Biology
    Advances in carbohydrate chemistry
  • 1959
This book explains the synthesis of tissue proteins in relation to the essential amino acids; the link between food energy and nitrogen metabolism; and the use of the repletion method to measure the nutritive value of proteins, protein hydrolyzates, and amino acid mixtures.