Archaeology and the history of early Islam: The first seventy years

  title={Archaeology and the history of early Islam: The first seventy years},
  author={Jeremy Johns},
  journal={Journal of The Economic and Social History of The Orient},
  • J. Johns
  • Published 2003
  • History
  • Journal of The Economic and Social History of The Orient
The rarity of material evidence for the religion of Islam during the e rst seventy years of the hijra (622-92 CE) has been used to attack the traditional positivist account of the rise of Islam. However, the earliest declarations of Islam are to be found on media produced by the early Islamic state. It is therefore mistake to read too much signi e cance into the absence of such declarations prior to the formation of that state by ® Abd al-Malik (685-705 CE). There is little prospect that… 

Archaeology and material culture

A recurrent concern in the archaeological study of early Islam is the degree to which the physical record exhibits significant continuity with the centuries prior to 1/622. This chapter first

The rise of Islam, 600–705

The first Islamic century began in 622 of the Common Era with the hijra, Muhammad's 'emigration' from Mecca to the town of Yathrib, which lies about 275 miles to the north. The hijra thus marked a

The Holy City of Medina: Sacred Space in Early Islamic Arabia

This is the first book-length study of the emergence of Medina, in modern Saudi Arabia, as a widely venerated sacred space and holy city over the course of the first three Islamic centuries (the

The late ʿAbbāsid pattern, 945–1050

The decline and fall of the Abbasid caliphate in the first half of the fourth/tenth century led to the emergence of a new political order. Many of the post-Abbasid regimes attempted to continue the

“Muslims” and “Islam” in Middle Eastern Literature of the Seventh and Eighth Centuries AD: An Alternative perspective of West European oriental scholarship

The article presents a short overview of the works of researchers affiliated with the new German Oriental Institute called Inarah, known for its unconventional revisionist interpretations of the

The Islamic east

The history of the conquest of the Islamic east, like that of other phases of the Muslim wars of expansion, is difficult to reconstruct and to interpret. The Arab conquests in what would become the

The late Roman/early Byzantine Near East

In many areas of the Near East the Late Roman period, in terms of population size, settlement density and levels of exploitation, marks a pre-modern high. The territorial expansion of Rome began in

The wedding of al-Hadhād and al-Ḥarūrā. Glimpses of paganism in Arabia

Here is an analysis of the tale of the marriage of al-Hadhād (of the Ḥimiar royal dynasty) with a woman of jinn found in Arabic sources dated from the 9th to 12th centuries. In the light of

The formation of the Islamic world, sixth to eleventh centuries

Introduction Chase F. Robinson Part I. The Late Antique Context: 1. The resources of Late Antiquity John Haldon 2. The late Roman/early Byzantine Near East Mark Whittow 3. The late Sasanian Near East

History and Heilsgeschichte in early Islam: Some observations on prophetic history and biography

As one western medievalist put it, ‘[t]he natural vice of historians is to claim to know about the past’. Nicholas Howe was lamenting that especially naïve form of positivism that makes knowledge



To hell and back: a study of the concepts of hell and intercession in early Islam.

This dissertation is primarily a study of the idea of temporary Hell-fire punishment for the grave sinners of the Muslim community. The doctrine is taught by Islamic orthodoxy, both Sunni and Shi'i,

Crossroads to Islam: The Origins of the Arab Religion and the Arab State

In the consensus view of early Muslim history, the Arab tribes, united and inspired by Muhammad's teachings, embarked on a military jihad that wrested Syria and Palestine from a weakened Byzantine

Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam

The main argument of this book is that the conventional opinion of the rise of Islam is based on classical accounts of the trade between south Arabia and the Mediterranean some 600 years earlier than

Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam . By Robert G. Hoyland (Studies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam, 13). pp. xviii, 872. Princeton, The Darwin Press, 1997.

There are three principal ways that one can respond to work first carried out more than a century ago by Goldziher, Becker, Lammens, Schacht, Brunschvig et al., which comes together in demonstrating


his investigations with the formative period of the Umayyads, at a time when other scholars regarded monuments and artifacts belonging to that period as Byzantine or, even more absurdly,

God's caliph : religious authority in the first centuries of Islam

This new study examines how religious authority was distributed in early Islam. It argues the case that, as in Shi'ism, it was concentrated in the head of state, rather than dispersed among learned

Islamic History. A Framework for Inquiry

Part 1 Sources and research tools: introduction reference works - general, bibliographic tools, languages, geography and topography, chronology and genealogy, the scriptures of Islam - Qur'an and


archaeological evidence that, during the reigns of the four Orthodox Caliphs and the early Umayyads, a few communal buildings were constructed in the capital Medina and later Damascus, and in the new

The Origins of the Muslim Descriptions of the Jāhilī Meccan Sanctuary

IN the last few years several studies have attempted to reconstruct the preIslamic Meccan sanctuary from the many, often conflicting traditions in the Muslim sources.' Since Mecca is the JdhilT cult

The First Dynasty of Islam : The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750

Conventions Abbreviations Glossary Figures and Maps Foreword to the 2nd edition Preface and acknowledgements 1. Introduction: The importance of the Umayyad period and its place in Islamic history