Archaeology and the Forensic Investigation of Recent Mass Graves: Ethical Issues for a New Practice of Archaeology

@article{Steele2008ArchaeologyAT,
  title={Archaeology and the Forensic Investigation of Recent Mass Graves: Ethical Issues for a New Practice of Archaeology},
  author={C. Steele},
  journal={Archaeologies},
  year={2008},
  volume={4},
  pages={414-428}
}
  • C. Steele
  • Published 2008
  • Geography
  • Archaeologies
The close of World War II marked the advent of international human rights legislation and the prosecution of individuals for human rights crimes, by both nation states and international tribunals. The prosecution at such trials often presents evidence from forensically excavated mass graves. Forensic archaeology is a new and expanding field and as such has yet to establish a uniform code of ethics, standard operating procedures, and transparency. In addition, there are complex and conflicting… Expand
Local Communities, National Governments and Forensic and Archaeological Investigations of Human Rights Violations
Forensic and archaeological investigations of human rights violations are socially and politically sensitive. They are influenced by the principle of psychic unity and by ideas of culturalExpand
Archaeo-Ethnography, Auto-Archaeology: Introducing Archaeologies of the Contemporary Past
After significant research effort and publications over the course of a decade, a new generation of writings and research into archaeologies of the contemporary past is beginning to emerge, with aExpand
FORENSIC ARCHAEOLOGY: ITS DEVELOPMENT AND ACHIEVEMENT IN INDONESIA
Forensic archeology is defined as the application of archaeological principles and techniques in medico-legal and/or humanity context related to buried evidence. Forensic archaeologist has two roles,Expand
Forensic archaeology and forensic anthropology within Swedish law enforcement: current state and suggestions for future developments
Abstract Archaeological theories and methods are developed to reconstruct past human behavior from fragmentary material remains. The interrelated discipline of physical anthropology addressesExpand
Evidential Regimes of Forensic Archaeology
Evidence excavacated from mass graves and clandestine burials has played an important role in the international prosecution of human rights abuses as well as in individual criminal cases. TheExpand
A First World War example of forensic archaeology.
  • V. Martin
  • Medicine, History
  • Forensic science international
  • 2020
TLDR
The example given here in France and Belgium is one of the earliest examples of Forensic Archaeology for humanitarian purposes, and the instructions issued are probably the earliest written instructions for a Forensic Archaeological excavation. Expand
The archaeology of post-medieval death and burial
SUMMARY: The richness of post-medieval mortuary archaeology is explored through a broad number of cases, also identifying trends in research agendas and theoretical approaches, through time. ThisExpand
Forensic anthropology in the global investigation of humanitarian and human rights abuse: Perspective from the published record.
TLDR
The published record provides historical perspective on major anthropological involvement in support of investigations by international criminal tribunals, formation of forensic anthropology teams in different countries and activities of the International Commission of Missing Persons and the forensic unit of the international Committee of the Red Cross. Expand
Millennial archaeology. Locating the discipline in the age of insecurity
  • S. Dawdy
  • Sociology
  • Archaeological Dialogues
  • 2009
Abstract This discussion article responds to a forum question posed by the editors of Archaeological dialogues: ‘is archaeology useful?’ My response initially moves backward from the question,Expand
Archaeology of the contemporary past
Introduction The archaeology of the contemporary past is a new and interdisciplinary field of research that intersects with heritage studies, art, ethnography and modern history. This kind ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
The archaeology of contemporary mass graves
TLDR
The forensic context of these excavations, the techniques the team developed, and a case study from Rwanda are examined. Expand
Guidelines for international forensic bio-archaeology monitors of mass grave exhumations.
TLDR
A model protocol for observations to make at the site as well as at the mortuary facility is provided to guide the monitor and to provide a structure for reports which are of standardized content suitable for international agencies concerned with mass grave investigation. Expand
Studies in Crime: An Introduction to Forensic Archaeology
The study of forensic evidence using archaeology is a new discipline which has rapidly gained importance, not only in archaeological studies but also in the investigation of real crimes.Expand
Societal safety, archaeology and the investigation of contemporary mass graves
This paper focuses on the aftermath of conflicts in which state authorities or rebels have directly ordered, induced, sanctioned or “institutionalized” massive human rights abuses by deaths and massExpand
A typology of mass grave and mass grave-related sites.
TLDR
A typology for describing several types of mass grave and mass grave-related sites according to their archaeologically distinctive characteristics is presented and a series of standardized definitions are provided to ease communication between the forensic bioarchaeology and international human rights communities. Expand
Turf wars: authority and responsibility for the investigation of mass graves.
TLDR
The on-site crime scene manager has an overarching role to enable integrated access to the complete scene and its contents by each forensic expert team member, and describes the essential spatial and temporal parameters of an expert's opinion so as to encourage cooperation, and discourage conflict, within the forensic team. Expand
Exhumation of mass graves in Iraq: considerations for forensic investigations, humanitarian needs, and the demands of justice.
TLDR
Coordinated forensic, psychosocial, and logistical support for the Iraqi people may help enable the remains of some of the missing to be exhumed and identified in a humanitarian, scientific, and judicial manner. Expand
Archaeology and Capitalism: From Ethics to Politics
The editors and contributors to this volume focus on the inherent political nature of archaeology and its impact on the practice of the discipline. Pointing to the discipline's history of advancingExpand
Planning the archaeological recovery of evidence from recent mass graves.
  • M. Skinner
  • History, Medicine
  • Forensic science international
  • 1987
Mass graves commonly contain hundreds of putrefying bodies, which bear evidence of torture and extrajudicial execution. These require careful excavation using archaeological techniques to recover theExpand
Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches
AN INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY AND FORENSIC ARCHAEOLOGY What Do Forensic Anthropologists Do? What Do Forensic Archaeologists Do? Where Are Forensic Anthropologists and ForensicExpand
...
1
2
...