Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia

  title={Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia},
  author={Michael J. Morwood and R. P. Soejono and Richard G. Roberts and Thomas Sutikna and Chris S. M. Turney and Kira E. Westaway and William Jack Rink and J. X. Zhao and G. D. van den Bergh and Rokus Awe Due and Douglas Hobbs and Mark W. Moore and Michael I. Bird and L. Keith Fifield},
Excavations at Liang Bua, a large limestone cave on the island of Flores in eastern Indonesia, have yielded evidence for a population of tiny hominins, sufficiently distinct anatomically to be assigned to a new species, Homo floresiensis. The finds comprise the cranial and some post-cranial remains of one individual, as well as a premolar from another individual in older deposits. Here we describe their context, implications and the remaining archaeological uncertainties. Dating by radiocarbon… 
Conclusions: implications of the Liang Bua excavations for hominin evolution and biogeography.
Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia
New stratigraphic and chronological evidence from Liang Bua is reported that does not support the ages inferred previously for the H. floresiensis holotype, or the time of last appearance of this species.
Hominins on Flores, Indonesia, by one million years ago
It is shown using 40Ar/39Ar dating that an ignimbrite overlying the artefact layers at Wolo Sege was erupted 1.02 ± Myr ago, providing a new minimum age for hominins on Flores, which predates the disappearance from the Soa Basin of ‘pygmy’ Stegodon sondaari and Geochelone spp.
Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
Additional H. floresiensis remains excavated from the cave in 2004 are described, demonstrating that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95–74 to 12 thousand years ago.
Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores.
The age and context of the Mata Menge hominin specimens and associated archaeological findings are described, indicating a relatively dry climate in the So'a Basin during the early Middle Pleistocene, while various lines of evidence suggest the hominins inhabited a savannah-like open grassland habitat with a wetland component.
Skeletal remains of a Pleistocene modern human (Homo sapiens) from Sulawesi
This fragmentary specimen, though largely undiagnostic with regards to morphological affinity, provides the only direct insight from the fossil record into the identity of the Late Pleistocene people of Sulawesi.
Palaeoanthropology: Further fossil finds from Flores
New fossil discoveries on Flores, Indonesia, bolster the evidence that Homo floresiensis was a dwarfed human species that lived at the end of the last ice age and argue against the idea that LB1 was an individual with a growth disorder.
The Liang Bua faunal remains: a 95k.yr. sequence from Flores, East Indonesia.


Archaeological implications of the geology and chronology of the Soa basin, Flores, Indonesia
The timing of arrival of early hominids in Southeast Asia has major implications for models of hominid evolution. The majority of evidence for the earliest appearance of hominids in the region has
A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
The discovery of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume equal to the smallest-known australopithecines is reported, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, and shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.
New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia
A new chronology corrects previous estimates for human burials at this important site and provides a new picture of Homo sapiens adapting to deteriorating climate in the world's driest inhabited continent.
Archaeological and palaeontological research in central Flores, east Indonesia: results of fieldwork 1997–98
The tuffaceous sandstones and siltstones of the Ola Bula Formation in central Flores. east Indonesia, contain many fossil sites. Here, excavations at Boa Lesa and Dozu Dhalu and the results of
Fission-track ages of stone tools and fossils on the east Indonesian island of Flores
Zircon fission-track dates from two fossil sites on the Wallacean island of Flores conclude that Homo erectus in this region was capable of repeated water crossings using watercraft.
Dating the colonization of Sahul ( Pleistocene Australia – New Guinea ) : a review of recent research
The date for the initial colonization of Sahul is a key benchmark in human history and the topic of a long-running debate. Most analysts favor either a 40,000 BP or 60,000 BP arrival time, though
The Late Neogene elephantoid-bearing faunas of Indonesia and their palaeozoogeographic implications
Bergh, G.D. van den. The Late Neogene elephantoid-bearing faunas of Indonesia and their palaeozoogeographic implications; a study of the terrestrial faunal succession of Sulawesi, Flores and Java,
Early Human Occupation at Devil's Lair, Southwestern Australia 50,000 Years Ago
Abstract New dating confirms that people occupied the Australian continent before the earliest time inferred from conventional radiocarbon analysis. Many of the new ages were obtained by accelerator
Thermoluminescence dating of a 50,000-year-old human occupation site in northern Australia
THE oldest secure date for human occupation in Greater Australia is 40kyr from eastern Papua New Guinea1, whereas slightly younger dates have been reported from southern Australia2. We now report