Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia

  title={Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia},
  author={Michael J. Morwood and R. P. Soejono and Richard G. Roberts and Thomas Sutikna and Chris S. M. Turney and Kira E. Westaway and William Jack Rink and J. X. Zhao and G. D. van den Bergh and Rokus Awe Due and Douglas Hobbs and Mark W. Moore and Michael I. Bird and L. Keith Fifield},
Excavations at Liang Bua, a large limestone cave on the island of Flores in eastern Indonesia, have yielded evidence for a population of tiny hominins, sufficiently distinct anatomically to be assigned to a new species, Homo floresiensis. The finds comprise the cranial and some post-cranial remains of one individual, as well as a premolar from another individual in older deposits. Here we describe their context, implications and the remaining archaeological uncertainties. Dating by radiocarbon… 
Conclusions: implications of the Liang Bua excavations for hominin evolution and biogeography.
Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia
New stratigraphic and chronological evidence from Liang Bua is reported that does not support the ages inferred previously for the H. floresiensis holotype, or the time of last appearance of this species.
Hominins on Flores, Indonesia, by one million years ago
It is shown using 40Ar/39Ar dating that an ignimbrite overlying the artefact layers at Wolo Sege was erupted 1.02 ± Myr ago, providing a new minimum age for hominins on Flores, which predates the disappearance from the Soa Basin of ‘pygmy’ Stegodon sondaari and Geochelone spp.
Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
Additional H. floresiensis remains excavated from the cave in 2004 are described, demonstrating that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95–74 to 12 thousand years ago.
Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores.
The age and context of the Mata Menge hominin specimens and associated archaeological findings are described, indicating a relatively dry climate in the So'a Basin during the early Middle Pleistocene, while various lines of evidence suggest the hominins inhabited a savannah-like open grassland habitat with a wetland component.
Skeletal remains of a Pleistocene modern human (Homo sapiens) from Sulawesi
This fragmentary specimen, though largely undiagnostic with regards to morphological affinity, provides the only direct insight from the fossil record into the identity of the Late Pleistocene people of Sulawesi.
Palaeoanthropology: Further fossil finds from Flores
New fossil discoveries on Flores, Indonesia, bolster the evidence that Homo floresiensis was a dwarfed human species that lived at the end of the last ice age and argue against the idea that LB1 was an individual with a growth disorder.
The Liang Bua faunal remains: a 95k.yr. sequence from Flores, East Indonesia.


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The timing of arrival of early hominids in Southeast Asia has major implications for models of hominid evolution. The majority of evidence for the earliest appearance of hominids in the region has
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