Archaeology: High tech from Ancient Greece

@article{Charette2006ArchaeologyHT,
  title={Archaeology: High tech from Ancient Greece},
  author={François Charette},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2006},
  volume={444},
  pages={551-552}
}
The Antikythera Mechanism, salvaged 100 years ago from an ancient shipwreck, was long known to be some sort of mechanical calendar. But modern analysis is only now revealing just how sophisticated it was.Planetary gearsThe Antikythera Mechanism is an intricate bronze construction discovered damaged and fragmented in the wreck of a cargo ship off the Greek island of Antikythera in 1900. Made towards the end of the second century BC, it contains 30 bronze gear wheels and many astronomical… Expand
Amazing Discovery of Archaeology
In the year of 1900, an unscheduled diving work accidentally resulted in a startling discovery of archaeological research, the oldest astronomical calculator—Antikythera mechanism. This deviceExpand
Deciphering and Appeasing the Heavens: The History and Fate of an Ancient Greek Computer
ABSTRACT In 1900, Greek sponge divers discovered an ancient Greek treasure in the waters of the Aegean island of Antikythera: a device with gears dubbed the Antikythera Mechanism. Scientists studiedExpand
Ancestral Concepts of Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine in Epicurean Philosophy
TLDR
It was the influence of the Epicurean philosophy that led some exceptional people of the ancient Hellenistic and Roman eras in observing human nature and proposing some notions that were discovered as scientific facts only recently. Expand
Integral Biomathics: A Post-Newtonian View into the Logos of Bios (On the New Meaning, Relations and Principles of Life in Science)
  • P. Simeonov
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • Progress in biophysics and molecular biology
  • 2010
TLDR
This paper provides a critical review of the major assumptions which guide the development of modern computer science and engineering towards emulating biological systems and explores the potential and the virtues of biology to reshape contemporary science. Expand
Declinations in the Almagest: accuracy, epoch, and observers
Almagest declinations attributed to Timocharis, Aristyllos, Hipparchus, and Ptolemy are investigated through comparisons of the reported declinations with the declinations computed from modernExpand
The Science of al-Biruni
Al-Biruni (973-1048) was one of the greatest scientists of all times. He was an astronomer, mathematician and philosopher, and studied physics and natural sciences. In this paper, we will discussExpand
On the evolution of conceptual modeling
  • R. Kaschek
  • Computer Science
  • The Evolution of Conceptual Modeling
  • 2008
TLDR
It is concluded that computing has changed into a social phenomenon with a technical core and that relying on (formal) model semantics as the sole tool for the discussion of conceptual modeling is no more adequate. Expand
The Dopaminergic Mind in Human Evolution and History
1. What makes humans special? 2. Dopamine in the brain 3. Dopamine and behaviour 4. Dopamine and mental health 5. Evolution of the dopaminergic mind 6. The dopaminergic mind in history 7.Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Decoding the ancient Greek astronomical calculator known as the Antikythera Mechanism
The Antikythera Mechanism is a unique Greek geared device, constructed around the end of the second century bc. It is known that it calculated and displayed celestial information, particularly cyclesExpand
The Antikythera Mechanism: still a mystery of Greek astronomy?
nary surviving artefact from the ancient Greek world was discovered just one century ago. In 1900, sponge divers in the Mediterranean were forced away from their normal diving grounds by a storm. OffExpand
Gears from the Byzantines: A portable sundial with calendrical gearing
Summary The Science Museum, London, has recently acquired four fragments of a portable sundial with associated calendrical gearing. All the fragments are made of low zinc brass of substantially theExpand
The Adaptation of Babylonian Methods in Greek Numerical Astronomy
astronomers of the last five centuries B.C. devised elaborate combinations of arithmetical sequences to predict the apparent motions of the heavenly bodies, while the Greeks persistently tried toExpand
Historical eclipses and the earth's rotation
TLDR
Analysis of various observations of solar eclipses reveals that over the past 2,500 years the average rate of lengthening of the day has been 1.7 milliseconds per century, significantly less than the tidal figure of 2.3. Expand
The Norton History of Astronomy and Cosmology
The big bang, black holes, space travel and life in other galaxies - this is the stuff of science fiction and the subject of much current speculation and research on the part of astronomers andExpand
Counting Months and Years: The Upper Back Dial of the Antikythera Mechanism 1
The surviving piece of the upper back dial itself constitutes most of Fragment B, as seen in Figures 3 and 4. At axis N, its centre, there is the stub of an arbor but no wheel; at axis O, the centreExpand
Al-Bīrūnī's mechanical calendar
Summary This paper is concerned with a mechanical calendar described by the great scientist al-Bīrūnī, who died in 440/1048. The description occurs in a book devoted to the construction of variousExpand
Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers
Preface. I: Introductory Orientations. 1. Introduction. II: The Western Heritage. 2. Mesopotamia. 3. The Greco-Roman World. 4. The Islamic Near East. 5. Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe. III: TheExpand
Tricks of the light
Physical IC design keeps getting more difficult as efforts to extend optical lithography beyond the 65nm generation impose limits on layouts. Process engineers have decided that they are stuck withExpand
...
1
2
...