Archaeology: A lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Maïa

  title={Archaeology: A lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Ma{\"i}a},
  author={C{\'e}cile Callou and Anaick Samzun and Alain Zivie},
Lions are mentioned by classical scholars and in pharaonic inscriptions as being among the sacred animals that were bred and buried in the Nile valley. And yet no specimens have been found in Egypt — until the excavation of the Bubasteion necropolis at Saqqara. Here we describe a complete skeleton, once a mummy, of a male lion (Panthera leo) that was discovered there, buried among the cats' catacombs created during the last centuries bc and occupying the much older tomb of Maïa, wet-nurse to… Expand
Le culte du lion en Égypte d'après Elien
ABSTRACT The cult of the lion in Egypt after Aelian The cult of the lion is well known in Egypt because of its importance. Indeed the animal gave its characteristics to several essential deities fromExpand
Traumatism in the Wild Animals Kept and Offered at Predynastic Hierakonpolis, Upper Egypt
Type and frequency of the encountered deformations differ from those seen in wild animals from other, more recent Egyptian cemeteries where mainly metabolic disorders are observed that have been attributed to chronic malnutrition and vitamin D deficiency as a result of inadequate housing in a dark environment. Expand
Le lion du Bubasteion à Saqqara (Égypte).
ABSTRACT The lion of Bubasteion to Saqqara (Egypt).An uncommon mummy among mummies of cats If a publication revealed the discovery of a lion's skeleton at Saqqara (Callou et al. 2004), it was notExpand
Past and present distribution of the North African–Asian lion subgroup: a review
1 The North African–Asian lion subgroup, which is composed of two subspecies, the Barbary lion, Panthera leo leo, and the Asian lion, P. l. persica, was nearly exterminated during the lastExpand
The Ethics of Animal Research
Many of our research processes require the use of animals to test hypotheses and advance treatments. A persisting ethical issue survives as to whether the use of animals in scientific and surgicalExpand
The medical riddle of the Great Sphinx of Giza
  • H. Ashrafian
  • Art, Medicine
  • Journal of endocrinological investigation
  • 2005


The animal world of the Pharaohs
Animals of all kinds were hugely important to the ancient Egyptians, in their daily lives and work, in their leisure and religious practices. Some animals served as sources of food, others providedExpand
Memphis Under the Ptolemies
The city of Memphis on the Nile, which had often served as capital in the long period preceding Egypt's conquest by Alexander the Great, became the country's "second city" following the founding ofExpand