Archaeological Sources for the History of Palestine: The Early Bronze Age: The Rise and Collapse of Urbanism

  title={Archaeological Sources for the History of Palestine: The Early Bronze Age: The Rise and Collapse of Urbanism},
  author={Suzanne Richard},
  journal={The Biblical Archaeologist},
  pages={22 - 43}
The Early Bronze Age saw a 750-year urban age encompassed by a preformative period at the outset and a period of regression toward the end. How are we to understand these two dramatic episodes of sociocultural change? 
Archaeological Sources for the History of Palestine: The Middle Bronze Age: The Zenith of the Urban Canaanite Era
  • W. Dever
  • History
    The Biblical Archaeologist
  • 1987
Sometime around 2000 B.C.E. the long process of collapse in the southern Levant was halted, and improved conditions set the stage for a sudden revival of urban life. During the next 500 years,
The Archaeology of the Bronze Age Levant: From Urban Origins to the Demise of City-States, 3700–1000 BCE
who were the canaanites new insight from 73 ancient genomes. abstract sciendo. the archaeology of cult in middle bronze age canaan. acor lecture the levantine early bronze age by suzanne richard.
The end of the 3rd millennium BC in the Levant: new perspectives and old ideas
The end of the 3rd millennium BC in the Levant has been interpreted as a time of settlement collapse and dislocation. A variety of theories have been proposed to account for this, such as climate
The Zenith of the Urban Canaanite
by William G. Dever A brief look at the succession of cultures in ancient Palestine might almost convert us to a cyclical view of history. It seems that civilizations rose briefly, only to fall, then
Some Recent Trends in the Archaeology of Predynastic Egypt
The traditional explanation of the origin of Egypt credits the legendary Menes with founding the state through the conquest of the Delta region, but this is more of a political legend than
Constructing the Jigsaw Puzzle of Palaeo-Climates
This chapter will relate the development of the neo-deterministic paradigm and paint a canvas of the climatological, hydrological, and historical setting of the Near East. The resulting picture
The tabun and its misidentification in the archaeological record
The tabun is a clay oven that was common in rural areas in the southern Levant in the 20th century AD; linguistic and literary sources, ethnographic information and archaeological remains offer
Qedesh in the Galilee: The Emergence of an Early Bronze Age Levantine Megasite
ABSTRACT The Early Bronze Age (ca. 3700–2500 b.c.) was an era of wide-ranging changes in the Southern and Central Levant, commonly interpreted in the context of the advent of urban structures in this
A Reanalysis of the Black Wheel-Made Ware of the Intermediate Bronze Age
Abstract The paper focuses on the distribution, typology and technology of Black Wheel-Made Ware (also known as “Megiddo Ware”) and presents a discussion of its origin and date. In the second half of
Settlement Fluctuations and Environmental Changes in Israel's Coastal Plain During the Early Bronze Age
Abstract The possibility of a decline of settlement in the coastal plain during the urban phases of the Early Bronze Age has been noted in passing by many researchers, but as these were usually


Literary Sources for the History of Palestine and Syria: Contacts between Egypt and Syro-Palestine during the Protodynastic Period
  • M. Wright
  • History
    The Biblical Archaeologist
  • 1985
Did Egypt control Syro-Palestine militarily during this period, or did the two engage in reciprocal trade?
The Peoples of Palestine in the Middle Bronze I Period
  • W. Dever
  • History
    Harvard Theological Review
  • 1971
The Middle Bronze I period, ca. 2150–1900 B.C., has been regarded until recently as something of a “Dark Age” in the history of Palestine. That this period has yielded so slowly and stubbornly to the
The Settlements and Population of Palestine during the Early Bronze Age II-III
rT nhe Early Bronze Age II-III is the first urban period in the history of Palestine. It is also the first period for which the size of the settlements and their population can be estimated with a
Ancient and Modern Pastoral Migration in the Levant
In 1971 I proposed a considerable modification of this view (Prag 1971, 1974), pointing to the continuity in pottery traditions between the EBA and the EB.MB periods (previously recognized by
A Chronological Mirage: Reflections on Early Bronze ic in Palestine
M UCH of current Early Bronze Age terminology is dependent on G. E. Wright's pioneering 1937 work in which he subdivided the Early Bronze Age into four distinct phases.' The period that has
Literary Sources for the History of Palestine and Syria: The Ebla Tablets
The first essay in a new series provides a bibliographic overview of this important site.
The Early Bronze IV Period in Northern Palestine and Its Cultural and Chronological Setting
  • E. Oren
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1973
During four out of ten fruitful seasons of excavations at Beth Shan (1921-1933) the University Museum Expedition searched systematically for tombs on the north slope of Nahal Kharod in the area which
A Reassessment of the Beginning of the Middle Bronze Age in Syria-Palestine
  • P. Gerstenblith
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1980
Our understanding of the character of the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age proper in the region of Syria-Palestine has long been determined by our concept of its relationship to what preceded and
Elements of the Ceramic Culture of Early Syrian Ebla in Comparison with Syro-Palestinian EB IV
  • S. Mazzoni
  • Philosophy
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1985
Correlation of EB III and IV evidence in Syria and Palestine is essential for proposing solutions to the problem of contacts and influences. The ceramic evidence from Ebla IIB 1-2 has a special
New Vistas on the EB IV ("MB I") Horizon in Syria-Palestine
  • W. Dever
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1980
The three centuries ca. 2300-2000 B.c., spanning both the traditional "EB IV" and "MB I" periods first discerned by Albright long ago, constitute a non-urban interlude between the great Early and