Archaeological Sources for the History of Palestine: The Middle Bronze Age: The Zenith of the Urban Canaanite Era

  title={Archaeological Sources for the History of Palestine: The Middle Bronze Age: The Zenith of the Urban Canaanite Era},
  author={William G. Dever},
  journal={The Biblical Archaeologist},
  pages={149 - 177}
  • W. Dever
  • Published 1 September 1987
  • History
  • The Biblical Archaeologist
Sometime around 2000 B.C.E. the long process of collapse in the southern Levant was halted, and improved conditions set the stage for a sudden revival of urban life. During the next 500 years, impressive walled cities were built, new and significantly improved forms of pottery and bronze implements appeared, a simplified alphabet was developed, and international trade was conducted. These accomplishments, and more, mark this period as a formative one in the history of ancient Palestine. 

Egypt and Canaan during the Middle Bronze Age

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    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
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The existence of Middle Bronze Age remains within the fine stratification of Tell el-Dabʿa brings about the possibility of a new direct link to Egyptian cultural sequence and absolute chronology.

The Archaeology of the Bronze Age Levant: From Urban Origins to the Demise of City-States, 3700–1000 BCE

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Albright's research on Canaanite and Phoenician civilization remains fundamental some thirty years beyond his passing. These three decades have seen an explosion of archaeological excavation of

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The current volume of Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections assembles papers that were given at the member-organized session on “The Middle Bronze Age in the Southern Levant Revisited:

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AbstractIn an article published in Levant XXI, James Hoffmeier argues that there is no historical basis for attributing any of the destructions or abandonments in Palestine during the MB IIG-LB IA

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AbstractThis paper analyses the Middle and Late Bronze Age levels of one area (Trench I, Area 200) at Tell Nebi Mend, currently being excavated by an expedition from the Institute of Archaeology,

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The transition between the Early Bronze Age IV and the Middle Bronze Age in the southern Levant remains poorly understood, stemming in part from traditional approaches to the problems that frame it

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  • A. Issar
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1998
A wide spectrum of data obtained as a result of palynological, hydrological, geological, paleontological and archaeological investigations is enabling us to reconstruct quite comprehensively and with



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The Early Bronze Age saw a 750-year urban age encompassed by a preformative period at the outset and a period of regression toward the end. How are we to understand these two dramatic episodes of

The Egyptian Empire in Palestine: A Reassessment

The beginning of the Late Bronze Age witnessed the rise of the Egyptian empire in Western Asia. Much has been written about the Palestinian segment of this empire, with Egyptian control in this area

Problems of Middle Bronze Age Chronology: New Evidence from Egypt

  • M. Bietak
  • History
    American Journal of Archaeology
  • 1984
The following reports were given in the Seminar on the Archaeology of Eastern Europe, the Eastern Mediterranean and the Near East at Columbia University during the academic year 1983-1984: Problems

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The population density of ancient settlements according to modern ethnoarchaeological data, and supported by archaeological data, was about 250 persons per hectare. An inventory of all known MB IIA


AbstractThe defensive systems belonging to the Middle Bronze Age in Syro-Palestinian centres, which are testified to by the archaeological evidence and associated through their clear typological,

New Vistas on the EB IV ("MB I") Horizon in Syria-Palestine

  • W. Dever
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1980
The three centuries ca. 2300-2000 B.c., spanning both the traditional "EB IV" and "MB I" periods first discerned by Albright long ago, constitute a non-urban interlude between the great Early and

A Reassessment of the Beginning of the Middle Bronze Age in Syria-Palestine

  • P. Gerstenblith
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1980
Our understanding of the character of the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age proper in the region of Syria-Palestine has long been determined by our concept of its relationship to what preceded and

Egyptian Relations with Palestine in the Middle Kingdom

Traditional studies of Egypt's relations with Palestine in the Middle Kingdom (1991-1786 B.c.) have usually concluded that there was a significant and extensive Egyptian presence in Palestine at this

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discussion of continuity in settlement location and field pattern carries, as surely it must, conviction. How refreshing to read in French that the open field system probably originated in the

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